15 terms

Period 1: Vocab Quiz

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Terms in this set (...)

Paleolithic
called the old stone age (from 10,000 to 2.5 million years ago); they were concerned with food supply; they used stone as well as bone tools; they were nomadic hunters and gatherers.
Neolithic
8000 BCE to 3000 BCE; move from nomadic lifestyles to agricultural lifestyles and town and city life; small communities; specialization of labor; patriarchy and social hierarchy
Patriarchy
a form of social organization in which a male is the family head and title is traced through the male line
Social Hierarchy
organization of people in a society into levels based on power; did not occur until after the Neolithic Revolution when hunter-gatherers settled down
Pastoralism
developed at various sites in the grasslands of Afro-Eurasia because these places supported large mobile herds and nomadic lifestyle but not farming or cities.
Urbanization
Movement of people from rural areas to cities; occurred more frequently after the Neolithic Revolution when hunter-foraging groups began to settle in small villages, which eventually became towns, then cities
Artisan
A skilled crafts person; these specialized positions emerged due to food surpluses that resulted from the Neolithic Revolution (the fact that people had more food meant that they could spend less time merely surviving, and more time producing things like pottery, textiles, weapons, etc)
Elite
People of wealth and power; these higher positions of power emerged due to food surpluses that resulted from the Neolithic Revolution
Metallurgy
the art or science of extracting a metal from ores, as by smelting; Bronze Age (3,000 BCE - 700 BCE) and Iron Age (1300 BCE - 700 BCE)
Monumental Architecture
Large structures, such as pyramid, temples, religious buildings, public spaces, and large statues, that tend to appear wherever powerful leaders emerge; a feature of all agrarian civilizations; symbolize power and authority of the ruler and the empire/civilization/state
Diffusion
the spread of an idea/technology/religion/belief system. This occurred to writing systems and methods of record-keeping in the first civilizations, which then spread outward
Zoroastrianism
One of the first monotheistic religions, particularly one with a wide following. It was central to the political and religious culture of ancient Persia.
Vedic religion
The ancient religion of the Aryan peoples who entered northwestern India from Persia c. 2000-1200 B.C.E. It was the precursor of Hinduism, and its beliefs and practices are contained in the Vedas
Hebrew monotheism
The belief in a single, all-powerful creator-god, and the renewal of the covenant binding them to their god in exchange for divine protection
Transregional
The exchange of goods and/or services across nation- state lines. The Egyptians and Nubians as well as the Mesopotamians and Indus River Valley civilizations participated in this type of trade.

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