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38 terms

PASSÉ COMPOSÉ W/ÊTRE

A group of frrench verbs forms the passé composé with être rather than with avoir. Most of these verbs express motion or describe a change of state. When the passé composé is formed with être, the past participle agrees in gender and number with the subject.
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je suis allé(e)
I went
tu es allé (e)
You went (familiar)
il/on est allé
He/one went
elle est allée
she went
nous sommes allé(e)s
we went
vous êtes allé(e)s
you went (formal)
ils sont allés
they went (masc)
elles sont allées
they went (fem)
FOLLOWING VERBS USE ÊTRE IN THE PASSÉ COMPOSÉ
.....
arriver
je suis arrivé(e)
descendre
je suis descendu (e)
devenir
je suis devenu (e)
entrer
je suis entré (e)
monter
je suis monté (e)
mourir
ill (elle) est mort (e)
naître
je suis né (e)
partir
je suis parti (e)
rentrer
je suis rentré (e)
rester
je suis resté (e)
retourner
je suis retourné (e)
sortir
je suis sorti (e)
tomber
je suis tombé (e)
venir
je suis venu (e)
The following verbs are also conjugated with être when a prefix is added.
.....
redescendre
je suis redescendu(e) - I went back down
remonter
je suis remonté(e) - I went back up
repartir
je suis reparti(e) - I left again
revenir
je suis revenu(e) I came back
Verbs conjugated with avoir & être in the passé composé
.....
monter
a monté - took up
descendre
avons descendu - brought our
entrer
ai enré - have entered
rentrer
a rentré - have brought
sortir
a sorti - took out
passer is conjugated w/étre in the passé composé when it means: to come by, stop by to see, visit, be over. In most other cases it is conjugated with avoif.
.....
passer (with être)
est passé - has come by
est passée - came by
est passé - is over
passer (with avoir)
ont passé - spent
a passé - took