14 - Paraphilias; Atypical Sexual Behavior

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pathological
any behavior seen as caused by sickness or disease
compulsive behavior
any behavior, sexual or otherwise, that a person is unable to control regardless of repeated attempts to do so
sexual addiction
a term often used to refer to strong compulsive sexual behavior - more correctly "hypersexual disorder"
hypersexual disorder
usually defined as nonparaphilic sexual compulsivity; an obsessive preoccupation with and compulsive need for sexual activity
victimizing paraphilias
sexual activities involving an unsuspected, non consenting, or unwilling person as the target of the atypical compulsive behavior
voyeurism
secretly watching others undress or engage in sexual activities without their knowledge or consent for the purpose of achieving sexual arousal
exhibitionism
achieving sexual arousal and gratification by displaying one's genitals without the victim's consent
frotteurism
rubbing one's genitals against a noncensenting person for sexual arousal and, typically, orgasm
sexual sadism
inflicting pain , injury, or humiliation on another person for the sexual gratification of the person performing the action
sadomasochism
sexual activities that combine sadism and masochism
BDSM
sexual activities that combine bondage, discipline, and sadomasochism
pedophilia
uncontrollable sexual compulsions involving children
sexual masochism
sexual arousal and gratification that is associated with acts or fantasies of being hurt, humiliated, or otherwise made to suffer
bondage
being bound, tied up, or otherwise restrained during sexual activity;
typically a consensual act
autoerotic asphyxiation
a form of sexual masochism involving depriving the brain of oxygen, usually through some form of strangulation or hanging;
also referred to as aphyxophilia
fetish
a sexual preference for a nonhuman object or body part that most members of a culture do not consider sexual
transvestic fetishism
the paraphilia engaged in by a transvestite, also called transvestite disorder
transsexual
a transgender who has transitioned or is transitioning from his or her biological sex to his or her self-identified gender through actions, dress, hormone therapy, or surgery
transgender
individuals who do not self-identify as the gender that conforms to their biological sex;
-> that is not considered a parahilia
incorporation therapy
a treatment for paraphilias in which the paraphilia behavior is decreased or modified to acceptable levels but not completely abolished
aversion therapy
psychotherapy in which unwanted sexual behaviors and images are reduced by associating them with an unpleasant stimulus such as electric shocks or noxious odors
covert sensitization
a type of aversion therapy in which, instead of actual shocks or bad odors, the client repeatedly fantasizes the unwanted behavior and adds an extremely aversive event to the fantasy
orgasmic reconditioning
a type of therapy for paraphilias in which a person is conditioned to become aroused and have orgasm in socially acceptable settings that bear no resemblance to the paraphilia
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