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56 terms

American Gov. test #1

STUDY
PLAY
The oldest purpose of government is:
a. maintaining order
b. promoting equality
c. providing for the public good
d. nation building
A
The most controversial purpose of government is:
a.maintaining order
b. promoting equality
c.conducting war
d.social engineering
B
A political philosophy that advocates unlimited power for the government is
a. capitalism
b. liberalism
c. totalitarianism
d. anarchism
C
A political philosophy that advocates no government at all is:
a. capitalism
b. liberalism
c. totalitarianism
d. anarchism
A
Framers of the Constitution were convinced that participatory democracy on the national level was undesirable and instead instituted _____, a system of government where citizens elect public officials to govern on their behalf:
a. substantive democracy
b. representative democracy
c. oligarchy government
d. an aristocracy
B
Government's "original dilemma" is how best to balance:
a. order and equality
b. equality and freedom
c. freedom and order
d. chaos and structure
B
A consistent set of values and beliefs about the proper purpose and scope of government is a:
a. political ideology
b. public goods
c. political attitude
d.system of government
A
Each citizen having one vote demonstrates:
a. equality
b. social equality
c. a republic
d. political equality
D
During the 1970s when government ordered busing for racial integration purposes, its dilemma was b/t...
a. freedom and order
b. equality and order
c. liberty and justice
d. freedom and equality
D
In politics, " institutional mechanisms" would include all but which of the following?
a. elections
b. Political parties
c. interest groups
d. " Good old boys systems"
D
A candidate who states that "government has no business doing most of what it now does" is most likely a:
a. liberal
b. socialist
c. libertarian
d. communist
C
National defense can be considered a _______ good.
a. national
b. private
c. public
d. collective
C
An authoritarian ( or totalitarian ) system is best defined as a system in which:
a. there is a total lack of law and order.
b. the government is ineffective and unstable.
c. people value authority and tradition.
d. a single individual or political party has control over the government.
D
How did Thomas Hobbes describe life in Leviathan?
a. solitary
b. poor
c. brutish
d. all of the above.
D
When citizens enter into the social contract, they give up some:
a. security
b. liberty
c. property
s. none of the above.
b
The oldest purpose of government is to __________.
maintain order
The most controversial purpose of government is ________.
promoting equality
A political philosophy that advocates unlimited power for the government is________.
totalitarianism
Government's " original dilemma" is how best to balance _______ and _______.
freedom and order
Each citizen having one vote demonstrates ______.
political equality
The political ideology of someone who states " government has no business doing most of what it now does" is most likely _______.
libertarian
The "rule of many" is expressed in the Greel term:
democracy
Framers of the Constitution were convinced that participatory democracy on the national level was undesirable and instead instituted a ________, a system of government where citizens elect public officials to govern on their behalf.
representatives democracy
A political system in which a single person rules is call a/ an _______.
autocracy
When California citizens successfully launched and passed an initiative that reduced property taxes by 57 percent, this was an example of _______ democracy.
direct
_________ rule means that in order to win, one has to reach more votes than one's opponent.
Plurality
In a parliamentary system, the head of government is chosen by the ______.
legislature
John Locke's social contract theory was embodied in the _______.
Declaration of Independence
The " unalienable rights" identified by the Declaration of Independence were ______,_______, and _____________.
liberty, property, and the pursuit of happiness
By signing the the Declaration of Independence, the rebels had committed an act of _______.
treason
People primarily enter into the social contract in order to gain _______.
order
A loose association of independence states id called a ________.
confederate
The first government of the US was the ___________.
Article of Confederation
During the Constitutional Convention, the issue of the power of large states vs. small states was resolved by_______________.
The Great Compromise/ Connetticut ...
Federalism, or the division of power between a national government and regional units, stands in contrast to ______ government.
unitary
Under separation of powers, the US system keeps power between branches balanced by enabling one branch to counter the actions of another by use of _______________.
checks and balances
The constitutional provision found in Article I, Section 8, giving Congress the means to execute its powers is an example of ________________ power.
enumerated/implied
When state laws conflict with national laws, the situation is resolved by the ______________ clause.
supremacy
Opponents of the Constitution demanded inclusion of the Bill of Rights because they feared abuse of power by the _______________ government.
federal
The constitutional amendment process requires __________________ majorities.
extraordinary
There are _______ Articles and _______ Amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
7 and 27
The unusual aspect of the Twenty-seventh Amendment is that it was proposed in ______ and ratified in ______.
1789 1992
The Supreme Court first declared that the courts have to power to overturn government acts that conflict with the Constitution in ___________ v. ________.
Marbury vs Madison
When a court declares an act of Congress of the President unconstitutional the court is exercising ____________________ _____________________.
judicial review
The Constitution was written in the year _____________________.
1787
______________________ is a form of government in which power resides in the people and is exercised by their elected representatives.
Republicanism
The Constitutional article enabling Alaska and Hawaii to be added as states to the United States is Article ____________________.
IV
Supporters of the Constitution named themselves ____________________.
Feralists
The Constitution did not give Congress the authority to establish the Internal Revenue Service. Congress did so, however, to implement its power to "lay and collect taxes." This is an example of the use of ____________________ power.
government or implied
Another name for the "necessary and proper" clause is the ____________ clause.
elastic
The 10th Amendment gives ___________________ government additional unwritten powers.
state
The legal basis for national government action to regulate state voting laws resides in the ___________________ Amendment.
15th
The Supreme Court's interpretation of the commerce clause has historically served to ___________________ national power.
increase
Constitution Day falls on ___________________________.
Sep. 17,1787
An authoritarian (or totalitarian) system is best defined as a system in which:
a. there is a total lack of law and order
b. the government is ineffective and unstable
c. people value authority and tradition
d. a single individual pr political party has control over the government
D
When citizens enter into the social contract, they give up some
a. security
b. liberty
c. property
d. none of the above
b