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Terms in this set (34)
complex system of meaning and behavior that defines the way of life for a given group or society.
objects created in a given culture.
includes the norms, laws, customs, ideas and beliefs of a group of people.
Common Characteristics of Culture
-Culture is shared
-Culture is learned
-Culture is taken for granted
-Culture is symbolic
-Culture varies across time and place
things or behaviors to which people give meaning; the meaning is not inherent in a symbol but is bestowed by the meaning the people give it.
elements of culture
a set of symbols and rules that, when put together in a meaningful way, provide a complex communication system.
Ex: English; Spanish; hieroglyphics
the specific cultural expectations for how to behave in a given situation.
Ex: behavior involving use of personal space; manners
general standards of behavior adhered to by a group.
Ex: cultural forms of dress; food habits
strict norms that control moral and ethical behavior.
Ex: Religious doctrines; formal law
abstract standards in a society or group that define ideal principles.
Ex: liberty; freedom
shared ideas about what true held collectively by people within a given culture.
Ex: belief in a higher being
language determines other aspects of culture because language provides the categories through which social reality is defined.
mechanisms of social control that enforce folkways, norms and mores.
behaviors that bring the most serious social sanctions.
the theoretical approach in sociology based on the idea that you can discover the normal social order through disrupting it.
the cultural of the most powerful group in a society. not the majority, rather the group in society with enough power to define the cultural framework.
cultures of groups whose values and norms of behavior differ to some degree from that of the dominant culture. Subcultures typically share some elements of the dominant culture and coexist within it, although some subcultures may be quite separated from the dominant one. This separation occurs because they are either unwilling or unable to assimilate into the dominant culture, that is, share its values, norms, and beliefs.
subcultures created as a reaction against the values of the dominant culture.
the habit of seeing things only from the point of view of ones own group.
something can be understood and judged only in relation to the cultural context in which it appears.
the diffusion of a single culture throughout the world.
the channels of communication that are available to wide segments of society.
the term used to refer to the vast networks of social interaction that new media have inspired.
pervasive and excessive influence of one culture throughout society.
meaning the beliefs, practices and objects that are a part of everyday traditions.
contends that mass media reflect the values of the general population.
the cultural resources that are deemed worthy and that give advantages to groups possessing such capital.
symbolic interaction theory
a perspective that analyzes behavior in terms of the meaning people give to it.
based on the idea that society is not an objective thing; rather it is found in the words and images that people use to represent behavior and ideas.
when culture adjusts slowly to cultural change.
the feeling of disorientation when one encounters a new or rapidly changed cultural situation.
sources of cultural change
-a change in the societal conditions
-the imposition of cultural change by an outside agency
the transmission of cultural elements from one society or cultural group to another.
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