US History Final Exam Study Guide
Terms in this set (71)
Who was the first Secretary of the Treasury?
Congress rejected Hamilton's suggestion that the national government do what?
take measures to increase manufacturing.
The Alien Acts granted the president the power to do what?
Expel or imprison immigrants
The Sedition Act granted the president the power to do what?
Prohibit treasonous speech
What state was known as the "Bear Flag Republic"?
What was America's first major industry?
In what region of the nation did the textile industry start?
In 1860, what was America's most important export?
The first document to unite the American colonies under one government was what?
Articles of Confederation
What was a successful winter raid that lifted the morale of the young Continental Army?
Battle of Trenton
What did Common Sense advocate?
Independence from Britain
Englishman who wrote Common Sense to arouse support for independence.
The Calhoun Resolutions said that slavery
could not be banned until a territory became a state
What was the fastest type of sailing ship ever built?
What was the crucial issue behind the War for Independence?
Who invented the cotton gin?
What event caused the the Lower South to secede?
the election of Lincoln
a party that supported industry and the rule of property owners
What well-designed fort prevented the British from capturing Baltimore?
Whose ideas provided much of the framework for the Constitution?
War Hawk from Kentucky who became speaker of the House
"the Great Compromiser" who formulated the Missouri Compromise
America's "manifest destiny" was to?
"overspread and to possess the whole of the continent"
What was the main provision of the Monroe Doctrine?
No European country could intervene in the Western Hemisphere
Which group was persecuted because the men took more than one wife?
Who was an orator from Virginia who opposed British tyranny?
Which president had the shortest administration in American History?
William Henry Harrison
Which presidential candidate who used the slogan "Tippecanoe and Tyler too"?
William Henry Harrison
Which provision of the Compromise of 1850 actually worsened tensions between the North and the South?
Fugitive Slave Law
Which of the following was not one of the provisions of the Missouri Compromise?
Which Christian statesman presented the compromise that broke the deadlock over representation in the Constitution?
Sacajawea was an Indian what?
assistant to Lewis and Clark
Who invented the telegraph?
the capture of a British army, which encouraged France to join the war
The Seneca Falls Convention passed resolutions supporting what important area of reform?
The division of government into branches
Separation of powers
Jeffersonian Republicans strongly supported what?
The Federalists strongly supported
Industry and commerce
What caused the Whiskey Rebellion?
opposition to an internal tax
What was the name of the violent attack against the government over taxes?
The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions advocated
Why did George Washington attempt to defend New York?
Giving up the city without a fight would damage support for the war.
Who benefits most from protective tariffs?
Daniel Webster remained on Tyler's cabinet after everyone else resigned because he what?
was in the middle of negotiations with Britain
John Tyler was called "his Accidency" because he what?
came to the presidency when William Henry Harrison died
Why was the USS Constitution called "Old Ironsides"?
Enemy cannonballs bounced off its oak sides
The Wilmot Proviso said that slavery what?
must be banned in any territory acquired from Mexico
What was the confederate capital?
What confederate general is famous for his last-ditch, yet successful charge at Gettysburg?
General George Pickett
Who was a shipping and railroad baron?
What was Eugene V. Debs political party?
What event almost brought Britain into the war?
What event made the North and the South realize that the Civil War would not soon end?
the First Battle of Manassas
What was the first clear-cut Northern victory in the East?
What was the First Union victory in the East, although it wasn't really so?
Who was the first US president to be impeached?
Who was a corrupt political leader of New York's Tammany Hall?
William "Boss" Tweed
What was the name of the Union ironclad that fought a draw with the Merrimac?
What is the term for Southern merchant ships that brought supplies to Southern ports despite the Union blockade?
Which invention did gave Alexander Graham Bell the most fame?
What state in the East did most of the Civil War fighting occur?
Who was the "Great Commoner"?
William Jennings Bryan
The capture of what city ensured Lincoln's reelection in 1864?
Who were the two main players in the Credit Mobilier Scandal?
Fisk and Gould
What Union general's march to the sea still angers some Southerners?
What did the Republicans offer Southern Democrats in return for their support in electing Rutherford B. Hayes as president?
Removal of federal troops from the south
What were southern sympathizers in the North called?
Who won most of the Civil War battles in the West?
List the three provisions of the Missouri Compromise.
The Missouri Compromise was sparked by Missouri requesting for statehood. They deemed Alavert as legal, but that would mess up the balance of free and slave states in the Senate. So, Henry Clay came up with the Missouri Compromise. First, they would allow Missouri to become a slave state. Second, they would allow Maine to be a free state. Third, in the rest of the Louisiana territory, slavery would not be legal above Missouri's southern border.
Explain the majority opinion and Chief Justice Taney's view in the case of Dred Scott v. Sanford
Dred Scott was a slave who thought he should be free because he passed through a free state and a free territory. When he brought it to court, the majority said that because he wasn't a US citizen and because he wasn't born in the US then he couldn't be free. You had to be a citizen to hold property. Taney also claimed that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional because slave holders were losing their property and the constitution is against that. Slaves were considered property and the constitution says that people have a right to their property. Scott's plan was overruled because the majority believed that he had no rights. Taney agreed.
Dred Scott v Stanford list
-slaves are not citizens
-slaves cannot sue
-slaves are property
-property cannot be removed without due process of law
-Missouri Compromise was deemed unconstitutional