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Latin Test XL~XLIV Study Guide 5/11/16
Terms in this set (60)
What is the genitive singular ending that characterizes third declension?
Third declension nouns have the same endings for which two genders?
masculine and feminine
How do you find the stem for third declension endings?
drop the genitive singular ending
What endings do you add to that stem to fully decline the noun?**
all of the third declension endings
A participle is a _____ form used as a(n) _______.
How do you translate the participle factus? How about captus?
having been done, having been seized
Participles always have to match the noun they modify in what three things? **
gender, number, and case
An ablative absolute is made up of what two parts of speech? Both of these words are in what case?
a noun, a participle, ablative
Are ablative absolutes connected grammatically to the rest of the sentence, or do they stand alone, simply providing extra information about the sentence?
They are independent with different subject and verb and separated by commas.
What is the "formula" for translating ablative absolutes? Remember, this one works every time!
"with the NOUN having been VERBED"
The verb possum is a compound of the verb _____.
Possum always takes a complementary _____ to complete its meaning.
infinitive: when an infinitive HAS to be the DO of the verb. Ex: debeo, possum
Possum only exists in what voice?
How do you conjugate possum in the present tense?
possum, potes, potest, possumus, potestis, possunt
How do you conjugate possum in the imperfect tense?
poteram, poteras, poterat, poteramus, poteratis, poterant
How do you conjugate possum in the future tense?
potero, poteris, poterit, poterimus, poteritis, poterunt
How do you conjugate possum in the perfect tense?
potui, potuisti, potuit, potuimus, potuistis, potuerunt
How do you conjugate possum in the pluperfect tense?
potueram, potueras, potuerat, potueramus, potueratis, potuerant
How do you conjugate possum in the future perfect tense?
potuero, potueris, potuerit, potuerimus, potueritis, potuerint
Since pace vita dura est.
Without peace life is hard.
Dux milites ad pugnam duxit.
The general led the soldiers to a/the fight.
Salutem patriae in armis militum nostorum ponimus.
The safety of our country we put in the arms of our soldiers.
Ubi pecunia quam amiseras inventa est?
Where was the money found which you had lost?
How do you always translate pluperfect?
Ob quas causas homines agros reliquerunt?
On account of what causes did the men abandon the fields?
Servi trans agros equos territos traduxerunt.
The slaves led the horses having been scared across the fields.
Nuntium misimus ad Marium, qui sine multis militibus antecesserat.
We sent a messenger to Marius who had gone before without many soldiers.
Amicus certus in mala fortuna cernitur.
The sure friend is seen/discerned in bad fortune.
"Facta, non verba" sentential nostra esse debet.
"Deeds, not words" ought to be our motto.
Linguam Latinam et legere et scribere possum.
I am able to both read and write the Latin language.
Pericula vitae bonum hominem commovere non poterunt.
The dangers of life will not be able to alarm/upset/disturb a good man.
Periculum provisum nos non terriut.
The danger having been foreseen did not scare us.
Romani multa oppida occupata reliquerunt. **
The Romans abandoned many towns that had been seized/occupied.
Moniti vos de periculo consulere non poteramus.
Having been warned we were not able to consult you about the danger.
Pecunia, a me in via amissa, ab amico meo inventa est. **
The money, having been lost by me in the road, was found by my friend.
Libro amisso, puella legere non potuit.
With the book having been lost, the girl was not able to read.
Dux servirum, signo dato, equos educi iussit.
The leader of the slaves, with the sign having been given, ordered the horses to be led out.
Romani, castris positis, Gallos ad fugam verterunt.
The Romans, with the camp having been placed/pitched, turned the Gauls to flight.
Impedimentis in oppido relictis, milites salutem petiverunt.
With the baggage having been abandoned in the town, the soldiers sought safety.
The noun for hindrance(singular) and baggage(plural)
impedimentum, -i, n.
The noun for foot
pes, pedis, m.
The noun for kingdom, realm
regnum, -i, n.
The noun for king
rex, regis, m.
The verb to set free
expedio, expedire,expedivi, expeditus
The verb to hinder, obstruct
impedio, impedire, impedivi, impeditus
The verb to bind, tie
ligo, ligare, ligavi, ligatus
The verb to turn
verto, vertere, verti, versus
What are all the parts of possum?
possum ,posse, potui, -----
he/she/it will be able
we are able
you are able
he/she/it will have been able
y'all(you pl.) have been able
they were able
they are able
he/she/it is able
they will be able
yall (you pl.)are able
we were able
List all the third declension endings.
-----, is, i, em, e, es, um, ibus, es, ibus
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