57 terms

VCE DANCE

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Spatial Organisation
Direction, level, eye/body focus, dimension
Direction
The line of locomotor movement, when a dancer moves forward, backwards, sideways, upwards, downwards, circular or diagonally
Level
The height in relation to the distance from the floor
Dimension
To do with the height, width, depth of the individual personal shape in space and also the perspective of the size of the total group or groupings of dancers in the space.
Focus
The point of concentration onto which the face, eyes or total body converges to convey a specific expression intention.
Name the group structures
Symmetry, unison, canon, contrast, asymmetry
Symmetry
'Balanced'. The equal placement of the group or small groups in the performance space.
Asymmetry
Unbalanced group arrangements: the unequal or random placement of the group or small groups in the performance space.
Unison
This occurs when a group of dancers are performing the same movement at exactly the same time.
Contrast
Performing different movements at the same time
Simple canon
A canon with one note time difference and one identical movement is performed sequentially creating a domino effect.
Complex canon
A phrase of movement is learnt by two or more dancers and performed with a time difference between each dancer of one or two notes.
Alignment
The static and dynamic relationship of the skeleton to the line of gravity and base of support.
Alignment principles
Principles used to develop the ability to correctly align body parts in movement and in stillness, for example, the integrated engagement of the muscles of the abdomen to create core stability to facilitate safe placement of the pelvis and spine thus enabling ease of movement and efficient use of energy through the torso, for example,
• lifted and supported use of the arches of the feet (to avoid pronation)
• appropriate rotation of the leg in the hip socket for the individual body (to allow for the safe use of turn out)
• Maintenance of the knee over the foot (to avoid hip, knee, shin and foot injuries).
Choreographic Devices
Tools of the choreographer used for the creation of dances such as compositional processes of abstraction, repetition, motif, addition, accumulation, inversion, distortion, retrograde.
Choreographic Principles
Includes the elements of movement, dance design, phrases and sections, unified composition, spatial organisation and group structures.
Dance-making and performance processes
Processes that relate to either learning the dance work/s of another choreographer (learning, rehearsing, performing) or students creating their own dance work/s (choreographing, rehearsing, performing).
Expressive Intention
The intention of the choreographer or reason for creating the dance. The origins of the intention may come from many sources including the choreographer's ideas, emotions, observations and exploration of movement itself.
Form
The overall shape, organisation or development of a dance work. Formal structures provide the dance work with an overall structure; for example, binary, ternary, theme and variation, rondo, narrative and free form.
Axial movement
Movement anchored to one spot by a pody part. Only the available space in any direction is used while the initial body contact is being maintained. Movement is organized around the axis of the body and is not designed to travel from one location to another. Examples include stretching, bending, turning in place, gesturing.
Balance
a state of equilibrium referring to the balance of weight or the spatial arrangement of bodies.
Choreography
creation and composition of dances by arranging or inventing steps, movements, and pattern of movements.
Dynamics
energy of movement expressed in varying intensities, accent and quality
Force/Energy
an element of dance characterized by the release of potential energy into kinetic energy. It utilizes body weight, reveals the effects of gravity on the body, is projected into space, and affects emotional and spatial relationships and intentions. Examples of movement qualities are: sustained, percussive, suspended, swinging and collapsing.
Improvisation
movement created spontaneously, which ranges from freeform to highly structured environments, always including an element of chance.
Isolated movement
movement executed with one body part or a small part of the body. Examples are rooling the head, shruggung the shoulders and rotating the pelvis.
Locomotion
a form of physical movement progressing from one place to another. Walking, running, grapevine, galloping, leaping, jumping, hopping, skipping, sliding, etc.
Pathways
a line along which a person or part of the person such as an arm or head, moves. Pathways can be linear, in circles, zigzags, etc.
Space
an element of dance that refers to the immediate spherical space surrounding the body in all directions. Use of space includes shape, direction, pathway, range of movement and level of movment(Low, middle, high).
Tempo
the speed of the music or dance
Time
the element of dance involving rhythm, phrasing, tempo, accent and duration. Time can be metered as in music or based on body rhythms such as breath, emotions, and heartbeat.
Transition
when a movment phrase or section progresses to the next.
Movement Creation Process
ISARE - The process you use when choregraphing a dance
Physical Skills
BFACTS - Balance, Flexability, Alignment, Control/Coordination, Transference of weight, Strength and Stamina
Body Actions
GLEFTS - Gesture, Locomotion, Elevation, Falling, Turning, Stilness
Elements of Movement
Time, Space and Energy
Time involves
Tempo, Duration and Rhythem
Movement Phrase
A phrase is considered the linking of two or more single movements
Expressive Intension
What is being expressed or communicated though the dance
eg. Literal Approach, Story telling, Message telling or Abstract, Movement design itself
Energy
Qualities of Movement (SSS PVC), Force (light/strong) and Flow (free/bound)
Force
The range between strong (firm and forceful) and light )fine and delicate) movements
Qualities of Movement
Suspended, Sustained, Swinging, Percussive, Vibratory and Collapsing
Space
Direction, level, focus, dimension, body shapes and pathways
Shape
Shape is the sculptural design of the body. Linear, angular, straight or curved
Dimension
Is the size of the dancers personal movement shape or Size of group in space
Unified Composition
Beginning, Transition, Development, Transition, Resolution
Choreographic Devices
Abstraction (reducing), Embellishment (adding detail), Repitition (repeating)
Transition
The smooth movement between sections of a unified composition
Dance Design
The form, expressive intension and the movement vocabulary of the dance
Movement Vocabulary
The style of the dance, Predominant physical skills, Dynamic quality of movement, appropriateness to convey the intention
Group Structures
SACCU - symetrical groupings, asymmetrical groupings, contrast, canon, unison
Groupings
Placement of dancers in the space - groupings are symmetrical or asymmetrical
Define Unison
Dancers performing exactly the same movement at exactly the same time
Pre- Performing Processes
Physical Warm up, Mental preparation, visualization, spacing of solo or group dance formations, physical orientation in performance space
Performance process and skills
Technical Proficiency, knowledge and clarity body actions, accurate timing, spacing, orientation in performance space, execution of solo pathways or group formations, use of eye body focus, facial expressions, projection through whole body
Rehearsal Skills
Process and skills used to refine choreographed or learnt dance works prior to performance
Spatial Organisation
Use of direction, levels, eye/body focus, dimension
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