44 terms

Medical Terminology - Word Parts - C

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cac/o
(bad) cacosmis, a bad odor.
calc/o
(bad) calculus, an abnormal hard inorganic mass such as a gallstone.
calcane/o
(heel) calcaneus, the heel bone.
calor /o
(heat) caloric, pertaining to heat.
cancr/o
(cancer) cancroid, resembling cancer.
capit/o
(head) capitates, head-shaped.
caps/o
(container) capsulation, enclosed in a capsule or container.
carcin/o
(cancer) carcinogen, a substance that causes cancer.
cardi/o
(heart) cardiogenic, originating in the heart.
carp/o
(wrist bone) carpal, pertaining to the wrist bone.
cat-, cata-
(down, lower, under, against, along with) catabasis, the stage of decline of a disease.
-cele
(tumor, hernia) hydrocele, a confined collection of water.
celi/o
(abdomen) celiomyalgia, a pain in the muscles of the abdomen.
-centesis
(perforation or tapping. as with a needle) abdominocentesis, surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity.
cephal/o
(head) electroencephalogram, a recording of the electrical activity of the brain.
cerebr/o
(cerebrum) cerebrospinal, pertaining to the brain and spinal fluid.
cervic /o
(neck, cervix) cervical, pertaining to the neck (or cervix).
cheil/o, chil/o
(lip) cheilitis, inflammation of the lips.
cheirio, chir/o
(hand) cheiralgia, pain in the hand.
chlor/o
(green) chloroma, green cancer. a greenish tumor associated with myelogenous leukemia.
chol/e
(bile, gall) choledochitis, inflammation of the common bile duct.
chondr/o
(cartilage) chondrodynia, pain in a cartilage.
chrom/o, chromat/o
(color) monochromatic, being of one color.
chron/o
(time) chronic, persisting for a long time.
-cid-
(cut, kill, fall) insecticide, an agent that kills insects.
circum-
(around) circumscribed, confined to a limited space.
-cis-
(cut, kill, fall) excise, to cut out.
-clysis
(irrigation) enteroclysis, irrigation of the small intestine.
co-
(with) cohesion, the force that causes various particles to unite.
col-
(with) collateral, secondary or accessory; a small side branch such as a blood vessel or nerve.
col/o
(colon, large intestine) colitis, inflammation of the colon.
colp/o
(vagina) colporrhagia, bleeding from the vagma.
com-
(with) comminuted, broken or crushed into small pieces.
con-
(with) congenital, existing from the time of birth.
contra-
(against, opposite) contraindicated, inadvisable
cor/e, core/o
(pupil) corectopia, abnormal location of the pupil of the eye.
cost/o
(rib) intercostal, between the ribs.
crani/o
(skull) cranial, pertaining to the skull.
cry/o
(eold) cryogenic, that which produces low temperature.
crypt/o
(hide, cover, conceal) cryptogenic, of doubtful origin.
cyan/o
(blue) cyanosis, bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes.
cyst/o
(urinary bladder, cyst, sac of fluid) cystitis, inflammation of the bladder.
-cyte
(cell) leukocyte, white cell.
cyt/o
(cell) cytoma, tumor of the cell.
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