7th Grade History Chapter 3 PPT (Retake)
African history in middle ages
Terms in this set (40)
a huge desert stretching across most of North Africa
a flat grassland in tropical or subtropical regions
a narrow strip of land between the Sahara and the savannah
a group of families who trace their roots to the same ancestor
In African society, this consisted of two or more clans that shared the same language, beliefs, and customs.
a African clan that did not worship many gods, but only one god, whom they called Ngai
the doctrine that all natural objects and the universe itself have souls
a Christian kingdom that developed in the highlands of eastern Africa under the dynasty of King Lalaibela; retained Coptic Christianity in the face of muslim expansion elsewhere in africa during the 12c
was a slave in the Empire of Aksum and later became bishop of the Ethiopian Coptic Church
Zagwe king who built 11 Christian churches out of solid rock in the 1200s
the first West African kingdom based on the gold and salt trade
Empire created by indigenous Muslims in western Sudan of West Africa from the thirteenth to fifteenth century. It was famous for its role in the trans-Saharan gold trade. (See also Timbuktu.) (p. 50)
a West African empire that conquered Mali and controlled trade from the 1400s to 1591
one of the most important cities of the Mali empire; located along the Niger river; filled with outstanding mosques and universities
Region of the Atlantic coast of West Africa occupied by modern Ghana; named for its gold exports to Europe from the 1470s onward.
A Bantu language with arabic words, spoken along the east african coast
key port and city-state on the east coast of Africa that exported gold across the Indian Ocean from the interior of Africa
the most famous ruler
important animals for the trade industry
city established on the Zimbabwe Plateau near the Sabi River
What types of food were grown in sub-Saharan Africa?
Grains, watermelon, peas, and roots (yams)
Why did the Africans avoid killing their livestock?
They were considered a sign of wealth, so people used them for milk and other products.
What term refers to the belief that spirits live in rivers, trees, rocks, and mountains?
Which African clan in Kenya believed in one god and had an account of creation that resembled the account in scripture?
How did the spread of Islam in sub-Saharan Africa differ from that in northern Africa?
The spread of Islam in sub-Saharan Africa followed trade routes. It was gradual and generally nonviolent. The spread of Islam in northern African resulted from rapid military conquest.
What name did the Greeks give to Aksum and all territories below?
What was the name of the slave who introduced Coptic Christians to Ethiopia?
List three early empires of West Africa in chronological order.
Ghana, Mali, Songhal
What famous city was located near the Niger River?
The abundance of gold in West Africa led Europeans to refer to this region as the ?
Why was the camel essential for trans-Saharan trade?
The camel could store its food and water and travel for five to seven days without water. the camel could withstand the extreme temperatures of the desert climate.
Why did Christianity decline while Islam expanded in West Africa?
Islam came to West Africa with Muslim traders. Continued Muslim migration to West Africa led to a dominance of Islam and conversion of African rulers to Islam.
List three products traded in East Africa.
Ivory, Gold, and precious stones.
What trade language developed from the Bantu dialect
Goods traveled from East Africa to what distant lands?
India and China.
What was the name of the city where the Great Enclosure was built?
What city became the a key coastal port for the empire of Zimbabwe?
What do the remains of thousands of cattle bones indicate about the city of Great Zimbabwe?
A large number of very wealthy people lived there who could afford the luxury of eating beef.
What religion did Ibn Battuta find in Kilwa?
Why did the people of Kilwa engage in jihad?
They were considered "heathen"
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