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89 terms

AP US history Ch4-5

for AP US History Ch 4 & 5 from the textbook 'Out of Many'
STUDY
PLAY
The first and most valuable crop raised by slaves in the Americas was
sugar
T or F Columbus introduced sugarcane into the Americas from islands off Africa
true
Shifting cultivation included all of the following
clearing land by burning, letting cleared land lie fallow, using hoes to cultivate the land
In West Africa, slaves
were treated more like family members
In terms of numbers, the least important destination for American slaves was
the North American mainland
African families were first split up
while awaiting shipment to the Americas
The term "Middle Passage" refers to
the middle part of the trade triangle in which slaves were shipped from West Africa to North America
T or F Africans were prevented by law from acquiring land and slaves in Virginia
False
Slave societies were characterized by
slavery as the dominant form of labor
The 18th century Carolina "low country" slave system depended on
rice and indigo dye
The papacy considered slavery
a violation of christian principles
Antislavery sentiment first emerged in
Pennsylvania
T or F Slave codes did not provide for legal slave marriages because it would have contradicted the master's rights of property
true
African Americans were not converted to christianity in large numbers until
the great awakening (1740s)
The foundation of African-American culture was
music and dance
The nursing of white children by African slave mothers
introduced African influences into southern language
Slave revolts in North America were rare because
Africans had establishes families and communities
Capital acquired through slavery contributed to all of the following:
the founding of the first modern banks, the growth of port cities, the Industrial Revolution
Mercantilism viewed the economy as
having finite resources
The capture of Louisburg by the British was
the first time the concluding battle of a European battle was fought on american soil
T or F The English Navigation Acts responded to the demands of domestic manufacturers for cheap raw materials and guaranteed colonial markets for finished goods
True
The "first families" of Britain's southern colonies in North America
passed on their wealth from father to son
Slave codes included
physical punishment of any Africans who struck a Christian, denial of civil rights, and penalties or interracial marriage
T or F European nations participated in the African Slave trade
True
T or F The beginnings of slavery were in North America
False
From North to South, these are the tribes in West Africa that contributed to the slave trade:
Mandingos, Ashantis, Yorubas, Hausas, Ibos, Bakongos
An important element in the development of the African slave trade was the
reluctance of the catholic church to allow enslavement of christians
The majority of people who came to America prior to 1800 were from
Africa
The vast majority of Africans bound into slavery were
captured by other Africans who traded their victims to Europe
In the account of his enslavement, Olaudah Equiano states that
he believed that many more slaves would have tried to kill themselves if they had been able to
One result of the slave trade was
debilitating social and economic dislocations in West Africa
One reason that South Carolina embraced African style slavery early in the colony's history is
the role that Africans played in the production of indigo and rice
The growth of the African American community was based on
The relationship between Creoles and Africans and between the slaves and their masters
The identity that African Americans developed during the 18th century
revealed the resilience of human beings in responding to the tragedy of enslavement
In British North America, slavery
discouraged economic diversification that characterized the development of industry
The fundamental principle of mercantilism is that
the wealth of a nation is based on the amount of gold and silver specie that a nation accumulates
The eighteenth century plantation economy
created widespread wealth for many white Americans and an unprecedented opportunity for freedom
One result of slavery in the colonies was
a highly stratified class structure
The most important institution in sixteenth century West Africa was
the local community
In West Africa, _____ sustained large populations and thriving networks of commerce
farming
T or F The life of a slave in West Africa was similar to that of a slave in the West Indies
False
Before the 19th century, Africans outnumbered European Immigrants by a ratio of
6 to 1
The capture of Africans for slavery was generally characterized by
violent raids on African villages
T or F Political, economic, and cultural demoralization as a result of the slave trade paved the way for European conquest or Africa in the 19th century
True
T or F The English relied on the long establishes law allowing enslavement for life and the inevitable and inheritable status of slavery.
false
A law declared in 1669 that the death a slave during punishment
was not a felony
Planters often worked their slaves to death in
Brazil
Slavery was relatively uncommon in the New England countryside except in
Rhode Island
T or F the Quakers who did not believe in owning slaves themselves were the first voices for the antislavery movement
false
T or F planters generally tried to keep slave families together in order to increase the productivity of their slaves
False
One of the most important development of the 18th century was
the creation of a common language
Mutual ______ is evident in many aspects of African-American and Southern society
acculturation
Runaway slaves were generally
young men in their twenties
T or F On economist describes the slave trade as the 'foundation' of British economy, 'the mainspring of the machine which sets every wheel in motion'
true
The basis of mercantilism was
political control of the economy by the state
T or F The mercantilist era was characterized by intense and violent competition between European states
true
T or F most colonists began to complain about British restrictions on imports and exports in the 1740s
False
Slavery produced a highly _______ class system
stratified
T or F Interracial sexual relationships were common and looked upon highly
false
What colonial war took place between France and England near the St. Lawrence river between 1689 and 1697?
King William's war
What colonial war took place between France/Spain and England --also known as the War of Spanish Succession-- between 1702 and 1713?
Queen Anne's War
What colonial war took place between Spain and Great Britain in the West Indies and Georgia between 1739 and 1743, also known as the first part of the War of Austrian Succession?
War of Jenkins's Era
What colonial war took place between France and England near Acadia and Nova Scotia between 1744 and 1748, also known as the second American round of the War of Austrian Succession?
King George's War
What colonial war took place between France/Spain and England between 1689 and 1697, also known as the Seven Years War?
French and Indian War
African slaves first brought to Portugal
1441
Spain grants official license to Portuguese slavers
1518
Africans constitute a majority on Hispaniola
1535
First Africans brought to Virginia
1619
English seize Jamaica
1655
Virginia law makes slavery hereditary
1662
South Carolina founded
1670
Royal African Company organized
1672
Virginia prohibits interracial sexual contact
1691
Britain opens the slave trade to all its merchants
1698
Spanish declare Florida a refuge for escaped slaves
1699
South Carolinians burn St. Augustine
1702
Virginia Slave Code established
1705
French and Spanish navies bombard Charleston
1706
English capture Port Royal in Acadia
1710
Slave uprising in New York City
1712
Peace of Utrecht
1713
Robert Walpole leads British cabinet
1721-1748
Natchez rebellion in French Louisiana
1729
Molasses act
1733
Stono Rebellion in South Carolina
1739
Africans executed in New York for conspiracy
1741
Georgia officially opened to slavery
1752
Peak period of the English colonies' slave trade
1770s
Importation of slaves into the United States ends
1808