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Shifting cultivation included all of the following
clearing land by burning, letting cleared land lie fallow, using hoes to cultivate the land
In terms of numbers, the least important destination for American slaves was
the North American mainland
The term "Middle Passage" refers to
the middle part of the trade triangle in which slaves were shipped from West Africa to North America
T or F Slave codes did not provide for legal slave marriages because it would have contradicted the master's rights of property
African Americans were not converted to christianity in large numbers until
the great awakening (1740s)
The nursing of white children by African slave mothers
introduced African influences into southern language
Capital acquired through slavery contributed to all of the following:
the founding of the first modern banks, the growth of port cities, the Industrial Revolution
The capture of Louisburg by the British was
the first time the concluding battle of a European battle was fought on american soil
T or F The English Navigation Acts responded to the demands of domestic manufacturers for cheap raw materials and guaranteed colonial markets for finished goods
The "first families" of Britain's southern colonies in North America
passed on their wealth from father to son
Slave codes included
physical punishment of any Africans who struck a Christian, denial of civil rights, and penalties or interracial marriage
From North to South, these are the tribes in West Africa that contributed to the slave trade:
Mandingos, Ashantis, Yorubas, Hausas, Ibos, Bakongos
An important element in the development of the African slave trade was the
reluctance of the catholic church to allow enslavement of christians
The vast majority of Africans bound into slavery were
captured by other Africans who traded their victims to Europe
In the account of his enslavement, Olaudah Equiano states that
he believed that many more slaves would have tried to kill themselves if they had been able to
One reason that South Carolina embraced African style slavery early in the colony's history is
the role that Africans played in the production of indigo and rice
The growth of the African American community was based on
The relationship between Creoles and Africans and between the slaves and their masters
The identity that African Americans developed during the 18th century
revealed the resilience of human beings in responding to the tragedy of enslavement
In British North America, slavery
discouraged economic diversification that characterized the development of industry
The fundamental principle of mercantilism is that
the wealth of a nation is based on the amount of gold and silver specie that a nation accumulates
The eighteenth century plantation economy
created widespread wealth for many white Americans and an unprecedented opportunity for freedom
The capture of Africans for slavery was generally characterized by
violent raids on African villages
T or F Political, economic, and cultural demoralization as a result of the slave trade paved the way for European conquest or Africa in the 19th century
T or F The English relied on the long establishes law allowing enslavement for life and the inevitable and inheritable status of slavery.
T or F the Quakers who did not believe in owning slaves themselves were the first voices for the antislavery movement
T or F planters generally tried to keep slave families together in order to increase the productivity of their slaves
T or F On economist describes the slave trade as the 'foundation' of British economy, 'the mainspring of the machine which sets every wheel in motion'
T or F The mercantilist era was characterized by intense and violent competition between European states
T or F most colonists began to complain about British restrictions on imports and exports in the 1740s
What colonial war took place between France and England near the St. Lawrence river between 1689 and 1697?
King William's war
What colonial war took place between France/Spain and England --also known as the War of Spanish Succession-- between 1702 and 1713?
Queen Anne's War
What colonial war took place between Spain and Great Britain in the West Indies and Georgia between 1739 and 1743, also known as the first part of the War of Austrian Succession?
War of Jenkins's Era
What colonial war took place between France and England near Acadia and Nova Scotia between 1744 and 1748, also known as the second American round of the War of Austrian Succession?
King George's War
What colonial war took place between France/Spain and England between 1689 and 1697, also known as the Seven Years War?
French and Indian War
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