15 terms

Athenian Art Year 12

Key Terms and Questions from New Zealand's Athenian Art and Architecture topic for Year 12 Classics
STUDY
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Kritios
Along with Nesiotes, carved the Tyrannicides
Contrapposto
Pose with weight on one leg, causes hips to shift and shoulders to counter balance, which sets up potential for natural pose.
Marsyas
Satyr - challenged Apollo to music contest and lost; flayed alive.
Athena
Goddess of wisdom, skills, and warfare
Pericles
Athenian leader noted for advancing democracy in Athens and for ordering the construction of the Parthenon.
Erechtheion
Temple with tomb of Kekrops and other preexisting shrines and olive tree.
Nike
Athena's attendant who is the personification of victory
Pediment
a triangular gable between a horizontal entablature and a sloping roof
Entablature
The upper section of a classical building, resting on the columns and constituting the architrave, frieze, and cornice
Doric
oldest and simplest of the three orders of classical Greek architecture
Ionic
An order of the Greek columns. Contains the volutes which look like scrolls of paper.
Caryatids
Female statues used instead of columns to support a roof, as on the South Porch of the Erechtheion.
Harmodius
He and his lover Aristogiton assassinated Hipparchus.
Propylaia
The monumental entrance to the Acropolis was the _____
Tyrant
In ancient Greece, a ruler who had seized power without legal right to it