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visible end product of a chain of events that starts with the gene, the mRNA, and the protein product
Inborn Error of Metabolism
concept that many genetic traits result from inherited alterations in biochemical pathways
Essential Amino Acids
amino acids we cannot synthesize in the body and must be supplied by diet - there are 9
mutation that prevents the conversion of phenylalanine to tyrosine, often resulting in retardation, light skin/hair, and epileptic seizures
produced by chemically linking two monosaccharides, include sucrose, maltose, and lactose
long strings of many sugars linked together, including glycogen, starch, and cellulose
autosomal recessive disorder caused by the inability to break down galactose. If left untreated, high levels accumulate, causing cataracts and mental retardation
iron-containing protein in red blood cells that transports oxygen from lungs to cells in the body
organic molecule containing an iron atom for transport to cells in the body; same in all hemoglobins
branch of genetics concerned with the inheritance of differences in the response to drugs
branch of genetics that studies traits related to the response to environmental substances
first pharmacogenetic trait to be discovered; some people can taste chemicals in artificial sweeteners and some cannot
genetic disorder associated with an imbalance in the ratio of alpha and beta globin caused by reduced or absent synthesis of alpha globin
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