APWH 7 The Empires of Persia

STUDY
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desertification
The gradual transformation of habitable land into desert.
deforestation
Removing trees faster than they are replaced.
Achaemenids
Persia's first great dynasty. Founded by Cyrus and peaked under Darius.
Cyrus
Founder of the Achaemenid Empire.
Darius
Great king who expanded the Achaemenid empire and then administered it through a series of satrapies, standardized coinage, and extensive road/courier networks.
minting
The process of making metal coins according to a standardized pattern.
qanat
Underground canal used in water systems of ancient Persia. This system led to enhanced agricultural production and population growth.
Xerxes
Persian emperor most famous for his attempted invasions of Greece.
Persian Wars
Unsuccessful Persian attempts to conquer Greece.
Parthians
Persian dynasty famous for its heavy cavalry. Attempted to restore Persian rule to Achaemenid patterns.
Zarathustra
Persian prophet who founded Zoroastrianism (circa 628-551 BC).
Zoroastrianism
Persian religion that emphasizes the duality of good and evil and the role of free will.