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92 terms

Kinn's Chapter 35 Review

Administering Medication
STUDY
PLAY
Bevel
Angled tip of a needle
Bronchoconstriction
Narrowing of the bronchiole tubes
Edema
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the interstitial spaces of tissues
Enteric coated
A coating added to an oral medicaiton that resists the effects of stomach juices; designed so that medicine is absorbed in the small intestine
Hermetically sealed
Sealed so that no air is allowed to enter
Hypotension
Low blood pressure
Immunotherapy
Administering repeated injections of diluted extracts of the substance that causes an allergy; also called desensitization
Induration
An abnormally hard, inflamed area
Loading dose
Administering a double dose for the first dose of the medication; usually done with antibiotic therapy to reach therapeutic blood levels quickly
Phlebitis
Inflammation of a vein; may lead to thrombus formation
Meniscus
The curved formation of liquids in a container
Polyuria
Excretion of an unusually large amount of urine
Scored tablet
Drug in pill form manufactured with an indentation for division through the center
Vasodilation
Increase in the diameter of a blood vessel
Viscosity
The quality of being thick; property of resistance to flow in a fluid
Volatile
Referring to an explosive substance's capacity to vaporize at a low temperature
Wheal
Localized area of edema or a raised lesion
scored
made to cut or split
tablet
compressed powder
buffered
having decreased acidity
capsule
gelatin-coated particles
caplet
an oblong tablet
time released
dissolves at different times
syrup
mixture of sugar and water
aromatic waters
volatile oil in water
liquors
fluids taht contain alcohol
suspension
insoluble drug in liquid
emulstion
oil mixture
gel or magma
minerals in water
tinctures
mixtures of alcohol and plant extract
elixirs
sweetened fluids
buccal
cheek
sublingual
tongue
inhalation
upper respiratory system and lungs
lotion
medication applied to the skin
liniment
also applied to the skin, but having a higher proportion of oil than lotions
ointment
semisolid medication in an oil base
transdermal
absorbed slowly through the skin
vial
glass container with a stopper
ampule
glass container that must be broken to obtain medication
multiuse
can be used for more than one dose
prefilled
ready to inject
cartridge system
tubex or other holder or plunger required
7 rights of drug administration
right drug, route, time, dose, patient, technique, documentation
when should the medical assitant check the drug label?
when taking medication from storage area, just before dispensing the medicaiton from the container, when replacing the container in storage or before discarding the used container
vial
has a rubber stopper
ampule
has sharp edges after it is opened
ampule
is always single use
vial
air must be injected into it before medicine can be removed
vial
can be multiuse
ampule
a filtered needle is required to avoid getting glass in the syringe
vial
has a vacuum after it is opened
ampule
extra care is required to prevent contamination
ampule
always discarded in a sharps container
ampule
guaze or an unopened alcohol prep should be used to prevent injury as the neck breaks away
IM
intramuscular
ID
intradermal
IV
intravenous
SC
subcutaneous
needles may be purchased separately or as part of a needle-syringe unit
true
the diameter or lumen size of a needle is called its guage
true
the larger the gauge number, the smaller the diameter of the needle
true
guages 25 and 26 are commonly used fro subcutaneous injections
true
guages 20 to 23 usually are necessary for intramuscular injections when the medication is thick (e.g., penicillin)
true
needles that are 1/2- or 5/8- inch long are used for intramuscular injections
false
needles that are 1/2- or 5/8- inch long are used for subcutaneous injections
true
a contaminated needle should be recapped before disposal in a sharps container
true
the parts of the needle are the barrel, calibrated scale (s), plunger, and tip
false
longer needles are necessary for depositing drugs intradermally
false
45 degrees, 15 degrees
The angle of an insulin injection is _______, and the angle of injection for an ID administration is _____________.
27-28 gauge, 25-26 gauge, 20-23 gauge
What gauge and length of needle would be used for a TB skin test?____________. For an insulin injection? ________. For an IM injection? ______________
0.01, 0.1
The 1 mL TB syringe is calibrated at ____ mL per line. The 3 mL syringe is calibrated at _____ mL per line.
q 4 hr
every 4 hours
tid
three times a day
qid
four times a day
bid
twice a day
q 3 hr
every three hours
HS
hour of sleep
AC
before meals
PC
after meals
PRN
as needed
PO
my mouth
NPO
nothing by mouth
PR
per rectum
IV
intravenous
SC (SQ)
subcutaneously
IM
intramuscular
SL
sublingual
QD
everyday
qod
every other day
QAM
every morning
QPM
every evening