Genetics and Heredity

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Terms in this set (...)

inherited traits
characteristics that an organism get from its parents
culture
everyday life shared by people in a particular place or time
similar
having characteristics in common
individual
a single or separate organism
DNA
holds the code for every cell in your body
alleles
Pairs that give us traits and make us unique
xy = boy
xx = girl
environmental factors
natural elements in an environment that affect the survival of an organism
genes
factors that control traits
species
a population of the same kind of organism (100 deer)
genetics
scientific study of heredity
acquired traits
a behavior that is taught or learned
unique
a characteristic that makes an organism different from others
dominant
a factor that will determine whether a trait is shown
reproduce
to generate or make offspring
natural
caused by nature
trait
specific characteristics that vary from one individual to another
offspring
a new organism produced by parents (seedling, child, kitten)
population
all the individuals of the same kind, living in the same environment
variety
being different or diverse
transmit
to pass on from one place or person to another
recessive
a factor not shown when one of a pair is dominant
Physical characteristics
traits or features of an organism's physical structure
nurtured
to support and encourage during development
heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring