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21 terms

Synovial Joint movement Ch. 8 part 3

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the body starting position is called the
anatomical position
describe anatomical positon
all joints fully extended, palms facing forward
flexion extension occurs within
saggital plane ( front to back )
abduction/adduction occurs within the
coronal plane ( side to side)
bending parts at joint so angle between them decreases
flexion
straightening parts at joint so angle between them decreases
extension
extension beyond the full extension of anatomical position
hyperextension
movement at ankle that brings foot closer to shin
dorsiflexion
movement at ankle that brings foot farther from shin
plantar flexion
moving a part away from midline
abduction
movement a part toward mideline
adduction
movement around an axis
rotation
moving a part so end follows circular path
circumduction
turning hand so palm is facing anteriorly or forward
supination
turning the hand so palm is facing posteriorly or downward
pronation
turning the plantar surface of foot laterally
eversion
turning plantar surface of foot medially
inversion
moving a part forward
protraction
moving a part backward
retraction
raising a part
elevation
lowering a part
depression