73 terms

Lana's ELA final exam vocab

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rhyme
when the end or final sound of two or more words collide
rhythm
when the arrangement of words creates a beat or pattern
repetition
when a word or phrase or sentence is repeated
alliteration
the repetition of initial sounds
onamonapia
the use of words that imitate sounds
free verse poem
No rules. do not follow the rules, and have no rhyme or rhythm; but they are still an artistic impression
rhyming poem
the same sounds of two or more words repeat; often at the end of lines.
quatrain poem
has 4 lines in each stanza. A stanza is a grouping of lines. the last words in lines 2 and 4 must rhyme
EXAMPLE
They've come back to build nests
and sunbath on rocks
and raise little ducklings
to add to their flocks
acrostic poem
each line describes the topic word. each letter of the word starts a new line.
EXAMPLE
FLOWER
Fragrant
lovely
open wide
wind blows
eager bee
ready
prepositional poem
each line starts with a prepositional phrase.
EXAMPLE
HEAVEN
Above the clouds
into the sky
among the angels
bio poem
deals with the emotions, just as music. an autobiographical poem is personal - it reveals something about the person writing the poem. It does NOT have a rhyme.
concrete poems
written in the SHAPE of the topic of the poem.
traditional literature
stories that are passed down from one group to another throughout history
folktales
passed down from one generation to the next orally by different cultural groups
fairy tales
similar to folktales; they have roots in the oral tradition; they also include magical elements (e.g. presence of witches, dragons, trolls, magic spells, etc.)
tall tales
originated from American folk stories with unbelievable elements told as if they were true
legends
stories that are related as facts to explain historical events and describe historical figures from a specific time and place
fables
similar to folktales, but the characters are animals, and there is a moral or lesson
myths
stories based on tradition to explain how the world and humankind came to be
Science fiction
A fantasy story that uses science and technology
Realistic fiction
A story using made-up characters that could actually happen in real life
Fantasy
A make believe story including elements that are impossible in real life, such as talking animals or magical powers
Historical fiction
A fictional story that takes place in a particular time period in the past; often the setting is real, but the characters are made up from the written imagination
Mystery
A suspenseful story about a puzzling event that is not solved until the end of the story; the problem is solved by following
synonym
same
antonym
opposite
characteristic
what is describes
part/ whole
belongs to
degree
used to be
type
what type
tool / worker
what it goes to
action / object
what it does
item/ purpose
what it is used for
product / worker
who made it
Synonym
happy: joyful / sad: depressed
antonym
inflation: deflation / frail: strong
characteristic
tropical: hot / polar : cold
part/whole
finger: hand, petal: flower
degree
mist:fog drizzle: tropical storm
type
golden retriever: dog salmon: fish
tool/ worker
pen: writer voice: singer
action/ object
fly: airplane drive: car
item/ purpose
knife:cut ruler: measure
product / worker
poet: poem baker:pie
Poet
A person who writes poems
Rhyme
A repet
rhyme
when the end or final sound of two or more words collide;
When the end or final sound of two or more words is identical
rhythm
when the arrangement of words creates a beat or pattern;
When the arrangement of words creates a beat or pattern when read aloud
repetition
when a word or phrase or sentence is repeated
alliteration
the repetition of initial sounds in neighboring words
onamonapia
the use of words that imitate sounds
Poet
A person who writes poems
Poetry
Literary work in which special intensity is given to the expression of feelings and ideas by the use of distinctive style and rhythm; a genre of literature
Poetry anthologies
A collection of poetry
characters
People, animals, or objects that appear in a story; he/ she takes part in the action of a short story or other literary work.
dialogue
The conversation between 2 or more people, or between a person and him/herself.
internal dialogue
What the character is saying to himself/ herself within the text.
external dialogue
What the character says out loud to others and in the text.
main idea
The idea of what the author is saying about a topic.
personal narrative
A first person story describing something that happened to the narrator.
narrator
The person who is telling the story.
plot
Refers to the action of the story.
setting
The time and place in which the story occurs.
conflict
A struggle between 2 people or things; the main character is usually on one side of this
theme
The message of the story; the central idea or belief in a short story.
resolution
The problem of the story has been solved.
inference
An educated guess.
hyperbole
Extreme exaggeration.
foreshadowing
A hint about an upcoming event.
denotation
Dictionary definition of a word
generating circumstance
inciting incident that starts the plot moving
fact
A piece of information provided objectively, presented as true.
opinion
A personal view, attitude, or appraisal.