Opposed the Constitution; did not like a strong central govt.
Land Ordinance of 1785
major success of the Articles of Confederation. Provided for the orderly surveying and distribution of land belonging to the U.S.
Northwest Ordinance, 1787
A major success of the Articles of Confederation. Set up the framework of a government for the Northwest territory. Territory would be divided into 3 to 5 states
1786-1787 under the Articles of Confederation; Mass. landowners blockaded courthouses and burned records of debt.
Annapolis Convention, 1786
Meeting held before the constitution to discuss reform of interstate commerce regulations, design a U.S. currency standard, repay debts to Revolutionary War veterans.
Caused by a post-war decrease in production and increase in unemployment
Montesquieu, The Spirit of Laws
Believed in separate houses, and a govt. that reflected the will of the people
believed that people are motivated mainly by greed and fear, and need a strong government to keep them under control.
Proposed the Virginia Plan, drafted most of the constitution
James Madison, two-house Congress, representation based on state population in one house, supreme court, president
New Jersey Plan
one-house, in which each state had equal representation, no supreme court, no president
Charles Austin Beard wrote that Constitution was written to protect the economic interests of its writers and benefit wealthy financial speculators
Slaves considered 3/5 of a person when determining the state population.
Slave Trade Compromise
The South's slave trade was guaranteed for at least 20 years after the ratification of the Constitution-until 1810
Established Presidential traditions like the cabinet, and a two term limit
A leading Federalist, he supported industry and strong central government. He created the National Bank
A leading Democratic-Republican, he opposed Hamilton's ideas.
Attorney General Randolph
delegate to Continental Congress and Governor of Virginia, submitted the virginia Plan, U.S. Attorney General, succeeded Jefferson as Sec. of State.
American Revolutionary leader from Virginia whose objections led to the drafting of the Bill of Rights (1725-1792)
stronger central govt. who advocated the ratification of the new constitution
delegate from Pennsylvania and proposed the "Albany Plan of the Union" as a way to strengthen colonies.
Compromise agreement by states at the Constitutional Convention for a bicameral legislature with a lower house in which representation would be based on population and an upper house in which each state would have two senators