Religion Final Semester 2 Study Guide
Terms in this set (98)
The Ecumenical Council of Ephesus affirmed Mary as the Theotokos, the ___________________________________.
"Mother of God"
In the Nicene Creed, it is stated that the Holy Spirit has spoken __________________________________________.
through the prophets
The Holy Spirit was not fully revealed until ___________________________________________________________.
Pentecost after Jesus' death and Resurrection
When we profess that God is our Father, we are saying all of the following about ____________________________. _______________________________________________________________________________________________.
he is the source of all life, that all creation exists, because of God, he is all-powerful, desires to be in an intimate loving relationship, loves us, areas for us, provides, heals, forgives, us (God's faithful love will never ever fail us)
The heresy of ________________________________________ alleged that Jesus' humanity was a sort of disguise.
The word ___ is used to refer to the Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit as individuals: each fully God, yet each distinct.
The faith of Catholics is rooted in the truth that _______________________________________________________.
there is one God in three Divine Persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
Christ is the title given to Jesus, based on the Greek word, which means __________________________________.
The term ___________________________ refers to God's eternal plan and his actions for the salvation of humanity.
Athanasius says that "the Son of God became man so that we _________," or share in God's divine life (CCC, 460).
might become God
Having to do with the relationship of a child to his or her parents
The truth that God, although one, is three Divine Persons: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit
A worldwide gathering of catholic Bishops convened by the Pope to discuss and resolve issues and problems the Church is facing
Having become flesh; specifically, God the Son assuming human nature. The incarnation means that Jesus, the Son of God and Second Person of the Trinity is both fully God and fully human
Literally the study of Christ; the systematic statement of Christian beliefs about Jesus Christ, including his identity, mission, and saving work one earth
The formal statement or profession of faith commonly recited during the Eucharist
A way of addressing God the Father used by Jesus to call attention to his—and our—intimate relationship with his Heavenly Father. Abba means "my father" or "our Father" in Aramaic
An official, authoritative teaching of the Church based on the Revelation of God
A personal, solemn promise of faithful love that involves mutual commitments, such as the sacred agreement between God and his people. In the old covenant, God revealed his Law through Moses and prepared his people for salvation. He established a new and eternal covenant in Jesus Christ, his only Son
In Sacred Scripture, the event in which the early followers of Jesus received the Holy Spirit. Today the Church celebrates this event on Pentecost Sunday, which occurs seven weeks after Easter Sunday
The process of Tradition involves all of the following steps:
• The apostles witness Jesus' life, teachings, death, and Resurrection. Jesus charges them to share this Good News (which can also be called Revelation, the Word of God, or the Gospel) with all people. In the Jewish Scriptures (which will become the Old Testament), they see many stories and prophecies pointing to Christ, which they now understand more clearly
• Inspired and strengthened by the Holy Spirit, the Apostles first share the Good News with those people to whom they preach
• Later the Apostles and others write about the Good News in the form of Gospels and letters
• These writings become the New Testament canon
• Through the centuries until the end of time, the Magisterium interprets and teaches the Word of God to the whole world (each step is guided by Holy Spirit)
The earliest New Testament writings were the _________________________________________________________.
epistles of St. Paul or letters
We do not need visions to know something about God; we need look no further than our _______________________.
human reason and intellect
As evidence that we have a built-in longing to be a part of the bond between the human and the divine, the Catechism points to the many ___________________________________________that are key parts of nearly every human culture.
"prayers, sacrifices, rituals, meditations" (28)
The witness of the very early followers of Jesus is to be found in __________________________________________.
writings in the New Testament
We can learn about God in the events and experiences of our daily lives and in all of the following: ________________________________________________________________________________________________.
the order and beauty of the natural world, the lives of the saints and other believers, and the wondrous abilities of our human intellect and reason
Engaging in the practice of the examen, or a similar form of daily prayer, may result in all of the following: ________________________________________________________________________________________________.
see more with eyes of faith, notice God's grace, love, wisdom offered to you in midst of a conversation, class, game or quiet moment; will realize, with great Jesuit poet Gerard Manley Hopkins that "the world is charged with the grandeur of God"
The Catechism refers to the family as all of the following: ________________________________________________.
"domestic church", "primary importance as centers of living, radiant faith, where we first learn about faith, first school of Christian life", gift
Another term for the whole community of the faithful in Heaven and on earth is the ____________________________.
Communion of Saints
Through celebrating the Eucharist, we experience all of the following: ________________________________________________________________________________________________.
together the Body of Christ, united by our Baptism, strengthened by presence of Jesus in precious Body and Blood, sent out to be life and light for the world
Written by human beings with the guidance of the Holy Spirit to teach without error those truths necessary for our salvation
The truth revealed by God through Scripture and Tradition
Deposit of Faith
Literally, "the study of God"; the academic discipline and effort to understand, interpret, and order our experience of God and Christian faith
"the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father and the Son"; transformed version of the everyday experiences with encountering God
Jesus the Son of God and Second Person of the Trinity, is both fully God and fully human; ultimate work of divine revelation
The movement to restore unity among all Christians, a unity that is a gift of Christ and to which the Church is called by the Holy Spirit
Sacred obligation, responsibility to care for and protect all the good he has created; responsibilities for caring for all of creation and protecting it for future generations
This word (from the Latin, meaning to "hand on") refers to the process of passing on the Gospel message. Tradition, which began with the oral communication of the Gospel by the Apostles, was written down in Scripture, is handed down and lived out in the life of the Church, and is interpreted by the Magisterium under the guidance of the Holy Spirit
"Word of mouth"
Tells us that God is the origin and Creator of all that is (light, rock, fire, water - scriptures depict god with images of these)
The Incarnation truly united humanity with God, for in sharing our humanity, God allows us _______________________________________________________________________________________________.
share in his divinity
According to the Catechism, that the Son of God actually came in the flesh to save us from sin and death is _______________________________________________________________________________________________.
the distinctive sign of Christian faith
Saint Athanasius is quoted as saying, "The Son of God became man so that we might________________________."
become God," or share in God's divine life (460).
Key features of Jesus' life that are worthy of our study include all of the following: ________________________________________________________________________________________________.
friendships, emotions, and his religious life as a faithful Jew.
When Jesus visits Lazarus, Martha, and Mary, Martha ________________________ and confesses her faith in Jesus.
shows great hospitality
The Church is One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic. These are called ________________________________________.
four characteristics, or marks of the Church
We demonstrate the Church as the means of God's plan by all of the following:
being called by baptism to witness to Jesus Christ and continue his mission, practicing our love for one another and compassion for thsoe in need of speaking out for justice, advocting for moral issues; baptized, come together
As the Body of Christ in the world, the Church is holy because ____________________________________________.
Christ is unfailingly holy
The Church is one in all ways, they are: ________________________________________________________________________________________________.
faith that has been passed down from apostolic age all the way to the present day, Baptism that unites all Christians, Christ's mission to unite all people in himself with Christ through Church and one another; being one in the Lord, it's founder in the faith that has been passed down in baptism (that sacrament that unites all Christians)
Ordained ministry, as a bishop, priest, or deacon, is conferred through ____________________________________.
Sacrament of Holy Orders; inheritance (apostolic succession), the power of the Holy Spirit, the sacrament of the evangelical councils
A calling from God to fulfill a particular purpose or mission in life
Characterized by the presence of many different ethnic, religious, or cultural groups
Greek word meaning "Mother of God"; a title of honor the Church has bestowed on Mary
Any deliberate offense, in thought, word, or deed, against the will of God
A type of prayer in which one meditates before the blessed sacrament, either privately or during a communal prayer, such as the Benediction
The sin by which the first humans disobeyed god and thereby lost their original holiness and became subject to death. Original sin is transmitted to every person born into the world, except Mary and Jesus
The call to go beyond the minimum rules of life required by God (such as the Ten Commandments and the percepts of the Church) and strive for spiritual perfection through a life marked by a commitment to chastity, poverty, and obedience
Makes holy, sanctification is the process of becoming closer to God and growing in holiness
fulfillment of a long relationship that god initiatd in particular witht he people of Israel; means that Jesus, the Son of God and Second Person of the Trinity, is both fully God and fully human
Anyone who is not ordained, but this term is commonly used to refer to anyone who is neither ordained nor a member of a religious order
Parables challenge us to do all of the following: ________________________________________________________________________________________________.
confront ourselves, examine our priorities, make difficult choices
What are the Greatest Commandments?
"You shall love the Lord, your God, with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your strength" (6:5); "You shall love your neighbor as yourself" (19:18)
Solidarity, the union of one's heart and mind with all people, involves all of the following: ________________________________________________________________________________________________.
distribution of material goods, creates bonds between opposing groups and nations, and leads to the spread of spiritual goods such as friendship and prayer
When Jesus speaks of the Last Judgment, he says that we must __________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ if we want to enter his Kingdom.
actively love the poor
The state of beatitude is called all of the following: ________________________________________________________________________________________________.
Kingdom or Reign of God, vision of God, joy of the Lord, or God's rest, keys of the king
Those groups of people proclaimed by Jesus to be "blessed" in the Beatitudes include all of the following:
those who mourn, the meek, the poor in spirit, the merciful, the clean of heart, and the persecuted
The joy that is characteristic of the Christian life comes from all of the following:
showing mercy, hungering for righteousness, and making peace
Jesus made Heaven accessible to all of the following: __________________________________________________.
"who die in God's grace and friendship" (1023), who have been faithful to the divine will, and who are "perfectly purified" (1023)
Despite the inevitable ups and downs of daily life, ________________________________________________ offers us a rock-solid foundation on which to build a life that offers us deep and abiding joy.
faith in Jesus
When speaking about prayer, Jesus compares the love and fidelity of his Divine Father to the parable of ________________________________________________________________________________________________.
widow before the judge
The state of eternal happiness with God in Heaven; present us with a specific vision of the happiness god desires for us
A supernatural gift of God by which our sins are forgiven, we are made holy, and our friendship with God is restored
A state of final purification or cleansing, which one may need to enter following death and before entering Heaven
A state of eternal life and union with God, in which one experiences full happiness and the satisfaction of the deepest human longings
Also called the Fall from Grace, the biblical revelation about the origins of sin and evil in the world, expressed figuratively in the story of Adam and Eve in Genesis; because of the fall, humanity needs redemption
When Jesus says we cannot serve two masters he is referring to God on the one hand and on the other
The second coming of Christ, when his Kingdom Will be full established and his triumph over evil will be complete
Stories rooted in daily life that use symbolism or allegory as a teaching tool and that usually have a surprise ending
The judgment of the human race by Jesus Christ at his second coming, as noted in the Nicene Creed. It is also called the Final Judgment; Parousia
All of the following can be said about the importance of both the Sacrament of the Eucharist and the Sacrament of Penance and Reconciliation:
they can be continual sources of grace to us, that we experience the ministry of Christ through the power of the Holy Spirit, drawn closer to God
When we pray to Mary and the saints, we are actually ________________________________________________________________________________________________.
ask them to intercede for us
None of us can make the decision to believe on our own; rather, it is ________________ that makes our faith possible.
divine grace and the help of the Holy Spirit
As a truly human act, our belief in God must come from _________________________________________________.
our own free choice
The ways of praying might include all of the following: ________________________________________________________________________________________________.
scripture, meditation, a prayer that praises God, rosary, vocal or silent, prayer that asks for needs
The Lord's Prayer summarizes the key elements of the Gospel message: praise of God the Father's holy name, desire for the Kingdom, prayer that our needs will be met, and ____________________________________________________.
a plea for forgiveness
Questions we might ask ourselves with the goal of Heaven in mind include all of the following:
what can I do today to grow closer to god? What can I do today to help others recognize god's loving presence in their lives? What can I do today to share the gospel message?
When we pray for the dead, we are really ____________________________________________________________.
interceding for those in Purgatory
The chief punishment of Hell is being ________________________________________________________________.
eternally separated from God
At the Last Judgment, when Christ comes again in glory, ________________________________________________________________________________________________.
the soul will be reunited with the body in a new and glorified state.
Direct encounter and sight of god in the glory of heaven after we die
The church teachings that guide our efforts to create a more just and peaceful world; the body of teachings that include --> respect for human dignity and creation, importance of the common good, need to care for the poor and vulnerable, the role of government
Catholic social teaching
Both god's gift to us in addition to our free response to that gift
All members of the church with the exception of those who are ordained as bishops, priests, or deacons. The laity share in Christ's role as a priest, prophet, and king, witnessing to god's love and power in the world
At moment of our death, face Christ, the judge of living and dead; immediately upon our death, our immortal soul is judged to be worthy or unworthy of heaven
Fundamentally a relationship—a personal, vital, and intimate connection with the living God; the time we spend with God seeking to nurture our relationship with him
The holy events that unite us with the communion of saints
The name for the God-given virtues of faith, hope, and love. These virtues make us open to living in a relationship with the holy trinity and are the foundation of the Christian moral life, animating it and giving it a special character
Showing honor, respect, and devotion (ex. Catholics venerate Mary)