18.New GRE 字彙聖經 256 - 270
Terms in this set (93)
having many forms or appearances
speaking or using many languages
ordinary and typically unexciting
extremely generous; (of sth given) large in amount or splendid in quality
△ bountiful, generous, liberal
1. an imaginary being or force that gives someone ideas and helps them to write, paint or make music 2. (in Grek or Roman myth) the nine goddesses, who protected and encouraged poetry, music, dancing, history and other branches of art and literature
smelling damp and unpleasant because of a lack of fresh air
△ fusty, moldy
△ capricious, fickle, inconstant, mercurial, unstable
( v.) 使殘缺不全；使傷殘；毁伤
to injure, damage or disfigure (sb/sth) by breaking, tearing or cutting off a necessary part
Ex: Someone mutilated the book by tearing out the illustrations.
△ batter, cripple, maim, mangle
deliberately not obeying people in authority or rules of behavior
1. inability to see distant things clearly 2. inability to look into the future
(n.) a very large number of something; (adj.) uncountably many
(n.) 最低點；深淵; 最糟糕的时刻
the lowest point; the time of greatest depression, despair, etc.
Ex: This failure was the nadir of her carrer.
★ not zenith, zenith (<- Zeus)
△ ingenuous, unsophisticated, artless
abnormal and excessive love or admiration for oneself
★ narcissus, narcissistic
beginning to exist; not yet well developed
Ex: Tourism was a nascent industry in the 1950s.
★ na- (native) + -cent (new)
of relating to, or present at birth
★ nat- (native)
(v.) to make somebody feel that they want to vomit
★ nau- (= nav- = ship) + sea
△ disgust, repel, repulse, revolt, sicken
(adj.) of ships, sailors or navigation
★ nau- (= nav- = navigate)
(adj.) vague; unclear
★ nebula 模糊的星星带
△ indistinct, vague
(adj.) wicked; unlawful
Ex: Terrorist activities aiming at civilian are nefarious.
★ ne- (not) + -fa (speak)
△ corrupt, degenerate, iniquitous, vicious, villainous
(v.) to deny or disprove the existence of (sb/sth)
*neg- (=negative 否定的)
△ disaffirm, disavow, disown, gainsay, repudiate
△ disregard, ignore, overlook, slight
(adj.) not giving proper attention or care to sth; careless
Ex: She was negligent in her work.
△ neglectful, lax, remiss, slack
(n.)the deserved and unavoidable punishment for wrong doing
Ex: Inward suffering is the worst of
＊-neme (=manage管理) 希腊神话中，专管理复仇与因果报应的女神
somebody who has recently started an activity
Ex: He is a neophyte at academia.
★ neo- (new) + -phyt (plant)
△ novice, tyro
(n.) the practice among people with power or influence of favoring their own relatives, esp by giving them jobs
(v.) to make (sb) angry; to annoy; to irritate
Ex: My remarks clearly nettled her.
△ exasperate, irritate, peeve, provoke, rile
(n.) a connected group or series; a bond or connection
Ex: Shared ambition is the vital nexus between them.
★ net , connect
△ connection, link
Ex: The job calls for nicety of judgement.
unwilling to spend money or be generous
★ nigg- (stingy person) + -ard
△ miserly (bad), stingy (bad), parsimonious (good), penurious (good)
(v.) to give too much time and attention to unimportant details; to criticize in a petty way
Ex: Stop niggling about every penny we spent.
△ carp, cavil, fuss, nitpick, quibble
(adj.) annoying in a minor but persistent way
Ex: As a player he suffered from a series of niggling injuries.
(in the religion of Buddhism) the state of peace and happiness that a person achieves after giving up all personal desires
★ nir- (blow) + -vana (wind)
of or in the night; done or happening in the night
Ex: To reduce impact of the traffic, they will carry out nocturnal construction next week.
★ noct- (night) + -urnal (time)
(adj.) offensive; disgusting; stinking
Ex: The air, during the metting, was noisome.
★ noi-= (annoy) + -some
△ fetid, fusty, malodorous, musty, putrid, rank, stinking
(adj.) moving from one place to place rather than staying in one place
Ex: Plains tribes were commonly nomadic.
★ Norsemen -> north
△ ambulant, peripatetic, roaming, roving, vagabond, vagrant
* nomen- (=name) + cla- (=claim)
(adj.) not feeling or showing interest or enthusiasm; calm and casual
Ex: She defeated all her rivals fro the job with nonchalant ease.
★ non- (not) + -colar (hot), calorie，没有热情的－＞漠不关心的
△ collected, composed, imperturbable, unruffled
not expressing an opinion or decision
Ex: He was evasive and noncommittal.
a person without any special qualities or achievements; an unimportant person
Ex: How could such a nonentity become chairman of the company?
★ non- (not) + entity
(v.) to surprise or puzzle (sb) greatly
△ addle, bewilder, confound, distract, dumbfound, perplex
describing or setting standards or rules of language, behaviour, etc, which should be followed
Ex: Every student of this school should fulfill the school normative guideline.
(n.) a sentimental longing for things that are past
Ex: The sight inspired him with nostalgia.
△ disgraceful, infamous
★ nov- (new), novelty
△ fresh, original
★ nov- (new)
△ beginner, neophyte, tyro
Ex: Noxious chemicals are found in the river water.
△ baleful, deleterious, detrimental, pernicious
the subtle difference in meaning, colour, feeling, etc
★ nu- (clouds)
worthless; pointless; not valid
Ex: This is a nugatory agreement.
★ nu- (clouds) + -ga (negative) + -tory
△ inconsequential, trifling
of, expressed in or representing numbers
impossible to change; stubborn
Ex: He remained obdurate, refusing to alter his decision.
★ ob- (against) + -dur (hard), durable
△ adamant, inflexible
(n.) a deep bow (of deference or homage)
Ex: He made a deep obeisance to the queen.
△ chubby, corpulent, fleshy, lardy, portly, tubby
to make (sth) confused or difficult to understand
Ex: He cccused the government of obfuscating the issue.
★ ob- (over) + -fusc (dusk)
△ becloud, befog
★ object (<- material has no feelings)
△ fair, material
(v.) to reproach or denouce vehemently; to upbraid harshly; to berate sharply
Ex: We objurgated the genocide in some regions of Africa.
★ ob- (against) + -jur (quarrel)
△ berate, censure, denouce, rebuke, reprimand, reproach, reproof, upbraid
★ ob- (to) + -lig (bind), obligation
△ coerce, compel, constrain, oblige
△ coerce, compel, constrain, obligate
1. not going straight to the point; indirect 2. not horizontal or vertical; sloping; slanting
Ex: She made an oblique reference to her own affairs.
★ -lique (limb), obliquity
△ devious, indirect, obscure, (!= underhanded)
1. to remove all signs of (sth); to rub or blot out 2. to destroy (sth) completely
Ex: The heavy rain obliterated all footprints.
★ ob- (over) + liter- (letter), literate
△ annihilate, eradicate, erase, exterminate, extirpate
(n.) a state of begin forgotten
★ ob- (over) + -liv (levitate)
△ forgetfulness, obliviousness
public shame or disgrace; abuse; discredit
Ex: Qin Shi Huang is the first emperor of China suffered the glory and obloquy for thousands years.
★ ob- (against) + -loqu (speak), colloquy
△ abuse, billingsgate, invective, vituperation
extremely unpleasnat, esp in a way that offends people
★ ob- (against) + noxious
△ abhorrent, abominable, disgusting, distasteful, hideous, nauseous
△ ambiguous, vage
too willing to obey or serve; too respectful (esp in the hope of getting a reward or favour from sb)
★ ob- (after) + -sequi (follow), sequence
△ servile, slavish, subservient
★ ob- (against) + -sess (sit)
no longer used; out of date
★ ob- (away) + sole, desolate
△ ancient, antiquated, antique, archaic
noisy and uncontrolled; unruly
Ex: He becomes obstreperous when he's had a few drinks.
★ ob- (against) + -streper (shout)
△ blatant, boisterous, clamorous, strident, vociferous
to force (oneself, one's opinions, ideas, etc) upon sb/sth, esp when unwanted
★ ob- (to) + -trud (thrust)
△ coerce, interfere, interlope, intrude, impose
noticeable in an unpleasant way
Ex: They tried to ensure taht eheir presence was not too obtrusive.
★ ob- (to) + -trus (thrust)
slow to understand; stupid
★ ob- (against) + -tus (thrust)
△ blunt, dull
to remove (sth); to get rid of
Ex: The new road obviates the need to drive through the town.
*ob-(=against) + via-(=through)
the countries of teh West, ie Europe and America
only for those with special knowledge or powers; hidden, secret
Ex: Astrology and alchemy are occult sciences.
△ arcane, cryptic, uncanny
a doctor who examines and treats people's eyes
Ex: The odds are that our team will win.
Ex: She is at odds with her boss.
Ex: It makes no odds whether you give me coffee or tea.
(adj.) arousing aor deserving hatred or repugnance
Ex: This place has an odious smell; something must be rotten.
△ abhorrent, abominable, horrendous, loathsome
(n.) a felling of hatred that a lot of people have towards somebody, because of sth they have done
Ex: He incurred the odium of everyone by sacking the old caretaker.
★ -di (dire)
△ abhorrence, detestation (<- detest)
yielding or diffusing an odor
★ odor + -fer (carry)
△ aromatic, fragrant, odorous, redolent
(pleasant / unpleasant) smell
△ odoriferous, frangrant, redolent, aromatic, balmy, perfumed, scented, sweet-scented
△ meddlesome, nosey, pushing, snoopy
★ set off
of or concerned with the sense of smell
Ex: Usually, one who loses his olfactory sense may be also poor in taste.
★ ol- (odor) + -fact (make)
★ olig- (few) + archy
suggesting that sth bad is about to happen; threatening
△ fateful, portentous
having unlimited or very great power
★ omni- (all) + potent
★ omni- (all) + present
Ex: Christians believe taht God is omniscient.
1. eating both plants and animal flesh 2. interested in everything, esp in all books
Ex: She has always been an omnivorous reader.
★ omni- (all) + -vor (eat)
needing effort; burdensome
△ arduous, burdensome, exacting, oppressive
a fierce attack
Ex: They survived an onslaught by tribesmen.
★ on + -sla (slay), slaughter
△ aggression, assault, attempt, offensive, onset