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PSYC100 - Cumulative Questions

Terms in this set (52)

Naturalistic observation - researcher unobtrusively collects info without the participant's awareness
--Advantages: researcher not influencing participants
--Disadvantages: time consuming, behavior has to be interpreted, individuals have no choice of involvement

Structured observation - researchers set up a situation and observe the participant's behavior
--Advantages: control of situation and variables, can collect information from other participants
--Disadvantages: participant aware of situation


Self-report - participants are asked to provide info or responses to questions on a survey or structure assessment
--Advantages: inexpensive and efficient, easy to create and score, computers allow for data around the world
--Disadvantages: participants can misinterpret questions, participants could be unable or unwilling to answer, differences between what people think and what they tell researcher

Longitudinal study - You study participants and record results over a period of time
--Advantages: can track averages over time
--Disadvantages: take a long time, "attrition" (not all who being study will complete it), "selective attrition" (something that causes people to drop out of the study so ending group is different in important way)

Cross-sectional study - researchers can gather participants of different ages and look for differences between the groups
--Advantages: study time in a shorter time than longitudinal, no attrition
--Disadvantages: "cohort effects" (differences caused by something other than time ex. generation's experiences)

Case study - researchers can conduct a detailed analysis of only one case of a specific phenomenon.
--Advantages: can study unusual or rate participants or events, in-depth study of particular case can reveal interesting future studies
--Disadvantages: one case may not generalize to others


Archival - researchers can examine data that has already been collected for other purposes
--Advantages: conduct research of large data sets without expense and time of collecting it
--Disadvantages: data may be missing, incomplete or have errors

Controlled experiment - researchers create a controlled environment in which they can carefully manipulate at least one variable to test its effect on another