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SOL Refrigerator Cards Page 3
Terms in this set (21)
In 1619, the governor of Virginia called a meeting of the
-The Governor's Council
-Two representatives (called ""burgesses") from each of the divisions of Virginia
*At that time, only certain free adult men had a right to take part
The General Assembly included:
House of Burgesses
By the 1640s, the burgesses became a separate legislative body called the:
It was the first elected legislative body in English America giving the settlers the opportunity to control their own government.
Why was the House of Burgesses important?
Portuguese sailors captured African men and women from what is present-day Angola.
What was the impact of the arrival of Africans and women to the Jamestown settlement?
-It made it possible to expand the tobacco economy.
-The arrival of additional women in 1620 made it possible for more settlers to establish families and a permanent settlement at Jamestown.
What was the impact of the Africans arriving in Jamestown against their will in 1619?
The English settles found life in Jamestown _________ than they expected.
-The site they chose to live on was marshy and lacked safe drinking water
-The settlers lacked some necessary skills to provide for themselves
-Many settlers died of starvation and disease.
What hardships did the Jamestown settlers face?
-arrival of supply ships
-forced work program and strong leadership of Captain John Smith.
-emphasis on agriculture ensured survival of the colony
What changes took place that resulted in the survival of the settlers?
-The economy of the Virginia colony depended on agriculture as a primary source of wealth
-Tobacco became the most profitable agricultural product and was sold in England as a cash crop
What effect did agriculture have on the Virginia colony?
Cash Crop - a crop that is grown to sell for money rather than for use by the growers
What is a cash crop?
The successful planting of tobacco depended on a steady and inexpensive source of labor.
-African men, women and children were brought to the colony against their will to work as slaves on the plantations.
How did agriculture in the Virginia colony influence the institution of slavery?
Adapt old customs to their new environment.
Migration and living in new areas caused people to _______________________________________.
Europeans, Africans and American Indians living in those areas.
*Whenever people settle an area, they change the culture and landscape to reflect their beliefs, customs , and architecture of their culture.
Virginia developed a unique culture. The culture of colonial Virginia reflected beliefs, customs, and architecture of _____________________________.
barns, churches, homes
Examples of architecture (landscapes) that reflect different cultures include:
Costal Plain (Tidewater) and Piedmont regions.
The English and other Europeans settled primarily in the:
Shenandoah Valley (which was along the migration route)
Germans and Scots-Irish settled primary in the:
Costal Plain (Tidewater) and Piedmonth regions (where tobacco agriculture required a great deal of labor
Africans were settled primarily in the:
Prior to the arrival of the settlers, Americans lived:
were forced inland
After the settlers arrived, American Indians:
Roanoke (American Indian)
Place names reflecting culture:
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