Chapter 1 & 2
Terms in this set (33)
A new economic system in the beginning of the 16th in which the colonies played a critical role.
In 1651 England's parliament moved to
tighten control of colonial trade by passing a series of measures known as the Navigation Acts. These acts enforced the following rules: no country could trade with the colonies unless the goods were shipped in either colonial or English ships; all vessels had to be operated by crews that were at least three quarters English or colonial; the colonies could export certain products, including tobacco and sugar - and later rice, molasses and furs - only to England; almost all goods traded between the colonies and Europe first had to pass through an English port.
Fort Duquesne & George Washington
George Washington aided the British General Edward Braddock and his first task was to launch an attack on Fort Duquesne.
Treaty of Paris 1763
This was officially the end of the war. Great Britain claimed all of Canada and all of North America East of the Mississippi.
He was the Ottawa leader, a Native American.
Proclamation of 1763
This established a Proclamation Line along the Appalachians, which the colonists werw not allowed to cross.
a young man spent the night in the same bed as his sweetheart, with a large bundling board between them
This act imposed a tax on documents and printed items as such as wills, newspapers and playing cards.
He was one of the founders of the Sons of Liberty.
On March 5, 1770, a mob gathered in front of the Boston Customs House and taunted the British soldiers standing guard there. Shots were fired and five colonists were killed or mortally wounded.
Boston Tea Party
"Indians" dumped 18,000 pounds of the East India Company's tea into the waters in Boston harbor.
Lexington & Concord
On April 18 and 19, 1775, colonists fought against British soldiers there.
He was an English philosopher and Entlightenment thinkers.
A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine, in which he attacked King George and the monarchy.
Declaration of Independence
A declaration of the colonies' independence
Loyalists and Patriotists
Loyalists, those who opposed independence and remained loyal to the British king. Patriots, the supporters of independence.
Battle of Saratoga and its importance
The British wanted to isolate the New England colonies but with the help of the French the Americans could win the battle which was important for the outcome of the war.
As Congress prined more and more money, its value plunged, causing rising prices, or inflation.
Marquis de Lafayette
He was one of the foreign military leaders, who offered their help to the colonists.
Treaty of Paris
This treaty confirmed U.S. independence and set the boundaries of the new nation.
a belief in the equality of all people
a government in which citizens rule through their elected representatives
Articles of Confederation
This plan established a form of government called confederation, or alliance, among the thirteen states.
a farmer's protest
a system in which power is divided between a national government and several state governments
checks & balances
a system to prevent any one branch from dominating the other two
Bill of Rights
The states had ratified ten amendments which became known as the Bill of Rights.
Judiciary Act 1789
This act provided for a Supreme Court and federal circuit and district courts.
These department heads became the president's chief advisers.
an important tax on goods produced abroad meant to encourage American production
This treaty was seen as a diplomatic victory bit it outraged the Americans.
Alien Sedition Act
Three of the measures, the Alien aca, raised the residence requirement for American citizenship from 5 to 14 years and allowd the president to deport or jail any alien considered undesirable.
The states had the right to nullify or consider void any act of the Congress that they deemed unconstitutional.
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