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social psychology chapter 4
Terms in this set (42)
the study of how we form impressions of and make inferences about other people
The way in which people communicate, intentionally or unintentionally, without words; nonverbal cues that include:
(irrepressible & almost impossible to control)
tone of voice
body position and movement
use of touch
to express or emit nonverbal behavior, such as smiling or patting someone on the back
evolutionary finds that all people encode and decode the same. Smiles frowns, other signs of sadness are universal
To interpret the meaning of the nonverbal behavior other people express, such as deciding that a pat on the back was an expression of condescension and not kindness
a facial expression in which one part of the face registers one emotion while another part of the face registers a different emotion
*though only 6 expressions, there are unlimited combinations
Example: joy + sorrow= bittersweet or fear + anger
culturally determined rules about which nonverbal behaviors are appropriate to display
Nonverbal gestures that have well-understood definitions within a given culture; they usually have direct verbal translations, such as the "OK" sign
implicit personality theory
a type of schema people use to group various kinds of personality traits together; belief that when people possess some traits, they are more likely to possess others as well
- example, many people believe that someone who is kind is generous as well
a description of the way in which people explain the causes of their own and other people's behavior
the inference that a person is behaving in a certain way because of something about the person, such as attitude, character, or personality
the inference that a person is behaving a certain way because of something about the situation he or she is in; the assumption is that most people would respond the same way in that situation
A theory that states that to form an attribution about what caused a person's behavior, we systematically note the pattern between the presence or absence of possible causal factors and whether or not the behavior occurs
information about the extent to which other people behave the same way toward the same stimulus as the actor does
-Do all or most of the students in the class
treat the professor this way?
Information about the extent to which one particular actor behaves in the same way to different stimuli
-Does this student only react to this
professor in this manner?
Information about the extent to which the behavior between one actor and one stimulus is the same across time and circumstances
-Does this student always react to the
professor in this manner regardless of the
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