-North was more industrialized, while the South was more agricultural and relied more on slave labor.

-The North wanted the new states
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Terms in this set (26)
RichmondIn what city did the capital fall to General Ulysses S. Grant, and was eventually burned by Southerners near the end of the war?Monitor and the MerrimackWhich sea battle took place between two iron-clad ships in the Virginia waters near Norfolk and Hampton?The battle was fought to a draw.What was the result of the battle between the Monitor and the Merrimack?-Union -ConfederateThe Monitor was a ___________ ship, and the Merrimack was a ___________ ship.Appomattox Court HouseThe Civil War ended at ____________ in Virginia.Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered his Confederate army to Union General Ulysses S. Grant.Who surrendered at Appomattox?April, 1865 at Appomattox Court HouseWhen did Lee surrender to Grant?ReconstructionWhat was the period following the Civil in which Congress passed laws designed to rebuild the country and bring the southern states back into the Union?The Freedman's BureauWhat government agency provided food, schools, and medical care for freed African Americans and others in Virginia?SharecroppingWhat was the system in which freed men and and poor white farmers rented land from a landowner by promising to pay the owner with a share of the crop?Jim Crow LawsAfter Reconstruction, _________________ established segregation or separation of the races and reinforced prejudices held by whites.-Unfair poll taxes and voting tests were established to keep African Americans from voting. -African Americans found it very difficult to vote or hold public office. -African Americans were forced to use separate poor quality services such as drinking fountains, restrooms, and restaurants. -African American and white children attended separate schools. -"Jim Crow" laws had an effect on American IndiansHow did Jim Crow Laws affect the lives of African Americans and American Indians?the separation of people, usually based on race or religionWhat is segregation?an unfair difference in the treatment of peopleWhat is discrimination?the abolishment of racial segregationWhat is desegregation?the full equality of all races in the use of public facilitiesWhat is integration?