25 terms

CHAPTER 5 All About Motherboards

1. What are five main categories of form factors used for motherboards?
ATX, MicroATX, FlexATX, BTX, and NLX.
2. How many pins does the Intel Socket B have? What is another name for this socket?
1366 pins. LGA1366.
3. How many pins does the AMD socket AM2 have?
940 holes for pins (PGA)
4. Which is a better performing Intel chipset, the X58 or the P45?
5. Which part of the chipset connects directly to the processor, the North Bridge or the South Bridge?
North bridge
6. What are the names of the two technologies used to install multiple video cards in the same system?
SLI & CrossFire.
7. What are the two different voltages that a PCI slot can provide?
3.3 or 5.
8. How does the throughput of PCI Express Version 1.1 compare to PCIe Version 1? How does PCIe Version 2 compare to Version 1?
PCIe Verision 1 and version 1.1 are completely identical as types, 16 lane bit paths, 1.25 GHz of frequency and able to move up to 250 MB per lane in each direction. The only difference between these two was an that there were two 6 pin power supply connectors allowing more wattage. Comparing PCIe Version 2 to version 1 there are some big differences. In version 2 there are up to 32 lanes instead of 16, the frequency was increased to 2.5 GHz instead of 1.25 GHz, and up to 500MB per lane in each direction rather than 250MB. So between version 1 and 1.1 to 2 everything was double. Very big difference and a large increase in technology.
9. What is the maximum wattage that a PCIe Version 2.0 expansion card can draw?
300 watts
10. What new type of power connector on the motherboard was introduced with PCIe Version 1.0? How much power does this connector provide?
Two 6 pin power supply connectors were introduced for an added total of 150W.
11. What new type of power connector was introduced with PCIe Version 2.0? How much power does this connector provide?
An 8 pin power supply connector that provides 150W.
12. If you are installing an expansion card into a case that does not have enough clearance above the motherboard for the card, what device can you use to solve the problem?
PCI Riser Cards
13. What is the purpose of an AGP slot?
Before it was replaced by PCI Express it set standards for motherboard video slots and video cards.
14. Which is faster, a PCI Express x16 bus or the latest AGP bus?
PCI Express x16
15. What is the purpose of a CNR slot?
To reduce the total cost of a computer system.
16. What is the likely color of the PS/2 mouse port on the rear of a computer?
17. What is one reason to flash BIOS?
To upgrade the Rom Bios chip
18. What is the easiest way to obtain the latest software to upgrade BIOS?
Express BIOS update, use the booklet you got with the system, it will tell you if your motherboard will allow for an express bios update done from windows. Can also be done from a bootable USB or CD.
19. What can you do if the power-on password and the supervisor password to a system have been forgotten?
Bios jumpers 1, 2 are closed normal boot.
Bios jumpers 2, 3 are closed it resets power-on password and the supervisor password on reboot.
20. Where is the boot priority order for devices kept?
In the BIOS.
21. What is the difference between a hard boot and a soft boot?
Hard boot takes more time than a soft boot.
22. How is CMOS RAM powered when the system is unplugged?
there is a battery that supplys the power, since cmos doesn't take up much power to maintain it can last for a very long time.
23. Describe how you can access the BIOS setup program.
The BIOS setup program can be access by pressing a key or combination of keys during the boot process. The exact way to enter setup varies from one motherboard manufacturer to another.
Usually F2 or Delete but you must check your boot-up screen.
24. If a USB port on the motherboard is failing, what is one task you can do that might fix the problem?
Disable the port in the BIOS or by jumper and add an expansion card.
25. What might the purpose be for a SATA-style power connector on a motherboard?
To provide additional wattage for PCIe video cards.