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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
S.S. Final Review
Terms in this set (36)
God, Glory, and Gold
What was the reason for Europeans to come and explore the Americas?
To adjust to your environment (example: The Aztecs built floating gardens because they lived in a swampy area)
What does the word adapt mean?
Gave them disease/pushed them off their land
What was the effect of explorers on Native Americans?
Portion of triangle trade where Africans were taken and brought to the Americas to become slaves.
What is the middle passage?
Where you live impacts how you live (ex. New England-rocky soil and harbors-->fishing communities)
How does geography affect culture?
Who did the Patriots support? Who did the loyalists support?
Battle of Saratoga-Americans win!!
Which battle was the turning point in the American Revolution?
Leadership, home field advantage, guerilla warfare
What were some strengths of the American army during the Revolutionary War?
To prevent any one branch of government from getting too much power.
Why do we have a system of checks and balances?
People wanted to have a say in the government and the making of laws, especially if they were expected to pay taxes.
Explain the phrase "no taxation without representation".
Large and small states-create 2 houses of Congress (one based on population and one that was the same number of representatives for everyone.
What was the Great Compromise?
What are the three branches of government?
To enforce laws
What is the responsibility of the executive branch?
People who supported the constitution
Who were the federalists?
It can be changed and amended
How is the constitution a "living document"?
A women's rights reformer
Who is Susan B. Anthony?
The banning of alcohol
What is the temperance movement?
A Women's rights document listing the rights of women (similar to the Declaration of Independence)
What was the Declaration of Sentiments?
March of Native Americans off their land-started by Andrew Jackson
What is the "Trail of Tears" and which president enacted it?
What does reform mean?
What was the spark of the Civil War?
To preserve (keep) the Union
What was the original goal of the Union during the Civil War?
13th Amendment (slavery banned)
14th Amendment (made citizens)
15th Amendment (right to vote)
Freedman's Bureau-gave food and clothing to former slaves, provided medical care, setup schools in the South
Name two positives for African Americans during Reconstruction.
Laws that limited the rights of freedmen
What are were Black Codes during the time of reconstruction?
The differences between the North and the South
What is sectionalism?
To advocate for women's rights
What was the major goal of the Seneca Falls Convention in 1848?
The election of Abraham Lincoln
What was the immediate cause of the southern states withdrawing from the Union?
The Battle of Gettysburg
What was the turning point of the Civil War?
It nearly doubled the size of the U.S. during that time
What was one major reason President Thomas Jefferson supported buying the Louisiana Territory?
The Senate & the House of Representatives
What are the part(s) of the Legislative Branch?
What are the part(s) of the Executive Branch?
The Supreme Court
What are the part(s) of the Judicial Branch?
When blacks would have to rent land to farm
During the time of Reconstruction, what was sharecropping
A group of people dedicate to keeping African Americans out of power and limiting their rights
What is the KKK?
Laws that separated blacks and whites
What were the Jim Crow Laws?
Plessy vs. Ferguson-ruling by the Supreme Court saying segregation was legal (separate but equal)
Voting restrictions-ways the Southern white tried to keep blacks from voting (poll taxes, literacy tests)
Name two ways that African Americans continued to struggle for equality during the time of Reconstruction.
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