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16 terms

Government Alive Ch 7

STUDY
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Jim Crow Laws
Laws that enforced segregation and denied legal equality to African Americans.
naturalization
A legal process through which a person not granted citizenship by birth can become a citizen of a country. A naturalized citizen enjoys most or all of the rights of native-born citizens.
resident alien
An immigrant who has legal status in the United States; a lawful permanent resident.
green card
An identification card issued to immigrants who are legal residents of the United States.
conservatism
An ideology favoring a limited role for government and more private initiative by nongovernmental groups in efforts to solve society's problems.
undocumented immigrant
A person who has come to the United States to live and work without the required legal papers.
centrism
An ideology at the middle of the political spectrum that combines elements of both liberal and conservative thought
civil society
Associations and other voluntary groups that form middle layer in society between government and individual families. It includes groups that people join because of family, faith, interests, or ideology.
ideology
A basic set of political beliefs about the roles of government and the individual in society.
political culture
A society's framework of shared values, beliefs, and attitudes concerning politics and government.
socialism
An economic system that calls for public ownership of the means of production.
conservatism
An ideology favoring a limited role for government and more private initiative by nongovernmental groups in efforts to solve society's problems
liberalism
An ideology favoring an active role for government in efforts to solve society's problems.
environmentalism
An ideology that emphasizes conservations and protection of the environment
libertarianism
An ideology based on a strong belief in personal freedom and a minimal role for government.
Civil Rights Act
Land mark legislation passed in 1964 that banned discrimination on the basis of race, sex, religion, or national origin