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75 terms

Poli Sci Chpt 6

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What is the youngest age that you could serve in the House of Representatives
25 years
If the president nominates you to serve as an ambassador, which body will hold hearings on whether or not to confirm your nomination
The Senate
Who was the first woman elected to serve as Speaker of the House
Nancy Pelosi
Prior to the 17th Amendment, the Constitution provided that senators be selected by their state's legislature. Today, senators are selected by
popular vote in each state
Which of the following is an argument AGAINST limiting the number of terms your Representative in Congress is allowed to serve?
Term limits deny voters the right to vote for representatives of their own choosing
Although Vice President Joe Biden is usually considered a member of the executive branch of government, the Constitution also gives him an important role in the legislative branch. What legislative branch position does Vice President Biden hold
President of the Senate
If you wanted to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives, what would be the best career stepping stone for that seat
State legislator
One of your roommates is seeking an internship on Capitol Hill and wants to work for the most powerful member of the United States Senate. To which senate officer would you recommend she submit her application?
The Majority Leader
A new Senator elected in 2010 would be up for reelection in what year?
2016
If you are elected to a full term in the United States House of Representatives, how long can you serve before the next election for your seat?
two years
As a result of the seniority system in Congress
members with the most years of service are first in line for committee chairmanships.
In the 19th century, candidates for Congress were typically selected by party leaders in closed conventions. If you ran for Congress today, what is the most likely route you would have to take to secure your party's nomination?
Run in a primary election
Your classmate wants to be a senator. Based on the most common career path of today's senators, what profession would you advise him to pursue?
law
Trustee representation is when legislators vote based on their sense of judgment and the national interest, rather than on the narrow interests of the district they represent. If you were working for a member Congress, which of these legislative activities would you recommend she pursue if she wanted to be more like a "trustee"?
Visiting a disaster area outside her state to learn about the impact on the local population
Delegate representation is when legislators view public opinion in their district as authoritative direction for how they should vote. If you were working for a member of Congress, which of these legislative activities would you recommend to help him act more like a "delegate"?
Hire grant writers to help local governments in his district apply for grants
A member of Congress is assigned to serve on one or more congressional committees. Which of the following is NOT one of the benefits of the committee system?
Committees make it harder for special interests to shape public policies.
Which of the following developments in congressional politics would make an incumbent more vulnerable to defeat by a challenger?
An expanded congressional calendar that results in incumbents spending more time in Washington
As a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, in which of the following congressional actions would you NOT be able to participate?
Negotiating treaty terms with a foreign government
Many presidents have prior experience in politics, often as governors or senators. Which of the following men served in the Senate prior to becoming president?
Barack Obama
Congressional leadership positions can be important outside the legislative branch. In the event of a presidential vacancy, the Vice President is first in the line of succession. Who is next in line?
The Speaker of the House
As a candidate for a seat in the House of Representatives, the Constitution says you must be a resident of that congressional district.
false
A senator can single-handedly delay the Senate from voting on a piece of legislation or a nomination
true
2008 was the first year where the proportion of women serving in the House of Representatives was equal to the proportion of women in the U.S. population
false
In most cases, the congressional district in which you live is more demographically diverse than your state
false
Though party leaders play an important role in congressional decision-making, they are not mentioned at all in the Constitution
true
The model of representation that was favored most by the attendees at the Constitutional Convention was referred to as a
trustee model
Which of the following is an example of the politico model of representation
A senator who follows his or her own judgment on matters concerning which the public remains silent
Edmund Burke's argument that legislators owe their constituents their reason, expertise, and knowledge, and that simply following the whims of public opinion does a disservice to the nation is an example of the
trustee model
Dealing with requests for assistance from constituents is generally known as
casework.
The structure of the House of Representatives
reflects the theory that elected representatives to the House follow the wishes of their constituents more closely than the Senate members do.
The "Blue Dog" Democrats and the Republican Study Committee are both caucuses. From the perspective of the political parties, what role do these groups play in the legislative process?
They are blocs of representatives who tend to be more conservative than their respective parties, and who organize to influence legislation.
The Senate, House, and president are all of the same party; the Senate and House approve major legislation without the president's approval. Which of the following choices best explains this situation?
The president is in political trouble or, at the very least, is at odds with his own party.
During the course of health care reform, floor debate on various measures became intense. Which of the following statements best describes the likely influence of this debate?
Floor debate allowed members of Congress to communicate with a national audience and their constituents.
In 2009, newspapers ran stories about corruption in the British parliament. Based on the reaction of the British public, which of the following conclusions could one reach about the response of democratic citizens to legislative corruption?
Citizens are likely to call for wide-spread reforms when presented with wide-spread corruption
The process of redrawing political boundaries for the partisan benefit of one party is known as
gerrymandering
A given political party has attained power and wishes to change district boundaries to benefit the party. The party opts to split groups of voters thought to favor the opposition so that they do not make up a majority in any district and thus cannot win in any district. This practice is an example of
cracking.
In the Congress, conference committees are
composed of members of both the House and the Senate to negotiate differences that exist between similar bills that have passed both houses.
Why is the House Rules Committee so powerful
It sets the conditions under which proposed legislation is considered
Which of the following is an accurate list of the functions performed by political parties in the U.S. Congress
Orientation, agenda setting, providing voting cues, and organizing committee appointments
Which of the following is an example of a Congressional position created by the Constitution and granted political powers on the national stage?
Speaker of the House
As Speaker of the House, Newt Gingrich was particularly effective at using his informal powers to
seize national press coverage and enhance his power base
_____ refers to the president of the Senate's request for the agreement of all senators on the terms of the debate—a move that is required before a bill goes to the floor.
Unanimous consent
Motions for cloture exist only in the Senate because
the filibuster is allowed only in the Senate
The first woman to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives was
Jeannette Rankin
Approximately what percentage of the members of the House of Representatives is African American
8.5
In the House of Representatives, each state has equal representation (two members
false
In its 1961 decision on Baker v. Carr, the U.S. Supreme Court established the "one person, one vote" criteria for drawing the boundaries of legislative districts.
true
The U.S. Constitution outlines the specific rules of procedure followed by each chamber in the Congress
false
Because of the nature of their work, Senators are expected to become more specialized in specific policy issues than members of the House are
false
Recent public opinion surveys suggest that Americans are generally satisfied with the job performance of the Congress.
false
Which of the following is an example of the trustee model of representation
A legislator considers the will of the people but acts in a manner that he or she believes is in the long-term interests of the country
Which of the following is an example of casework
A representative deals with requests for assistance from constituents
At the Constitutional Convention, the Great Compromise
established the bicameral legislature
The National Voter Registration Act (1993) is also known as the
"Motor Voter Law."
In an at-large district, the elected of representatives is chosen
from the whole state rather than from individually defined districts
In the Congress, select committees are
temporary committees created to deal with a specific issue or problem.
Which of the following is an example of the power that parties have over their members in Congress?
Party leaders handle the difficult and sometimes contentious chore of making committee appointments
When the vice president is not present, the Senate is formally led by the
president pro tempore
In the Senate, unanimous consent refers to the
agreement of all senators on the terms of the debate
The 2005 Republican plan to eliminate the filibuster in order to bypass Senatorial Democrats' efforts to block President Bush's appointments was referred to as the
nuclear option
The final Congressional Committee to address a bill before it is sent to the president is usually the
Conference Committee
If a president vetoes a bill, how many votes are required to override the veto?
A two-thirds majority of both Houses of Congress
Assume that current population trends continue and that the proportion of Latinos in Congress becomes comparable to that of the general population. What will happen to the number of Latinos in Congress?
The number would increase dramatically
In the spring of 2006 Tom DeLay stepped down from which leadership position in the U.S. House of Representatives?
Majority leader
Today there are roughly how many residents for each U.S. House district?
670,000
Most of the framers of the Constitution believed that legislators should consider the will of the people but that they should do what they think is best for the country in the long term
true
Congress handles nearly 100,000 nominations biennially
true
Since the 1820s, the winner of the U.S. House election for speaker has always come from the majority party.
true
Bills introduced into Congress are often drawn up by administrative agencies within the federal bureaucracy.
true
About half of the members of the Congress are women, roughly mirroring the number of women in the electorate.
False
In the early 1970s, the House adopted a process of multiple referrals. Now, instead of assigning a new bill to just one committee, it is possible to send the measure to several committees at the same time. Which of the following choices best explains the meaning of this with regard to the legislative process?
It has given specific committees less power over the fate of a bill and has made the legislative process more democratic
A representative introduces a bill to create a Civic Participation Day. Which of the following choices best explains why we cannot assume that he or she is the sole author of the bill?
Political actors outside Congress can develop ideas for legislation and then encourage members of Congress to introduce these ideas as potential legislation
Given the lengthy procedure through which a bill becomes a law, which of the following choices best explains the intent of the Founders with regard to legislation?
The Founders wanted a slow legislative process that was not immediately responsive to public opinion.
According to Fred Harris, a political scientist and former Democratic senator from Oklahoma, the average member of Congress is less corrupt than the average American. However, the American public is highly dissatisfied with Congressional ethics. Which of the following answer choices best reconciles these two statements?
The public is increasingly aware of both the ethical transgressions of members of Congress and the lack of Congressional action on public policy issues.
Consider the following example of Congressional log rolling: In 2005, the federal budget contained funding for two massive bridges in Alaska. These bridges were on the scale of the Brooklyn Bridge and the Golden Gate Bridge, cost over $400 million dollars and were intended to connect an island with a population of 50 to a small town. Which of the following answer choices explains why, from the perspective of democratic ideals, this plan is problematic?
Under the plan, a huge amount of the federal money is spent to attain marginal benefits for a very few citizens