31 terms

2016 Coll Lit Final Lit Terms & Comedy Vocab

STUDY
PLAY
Epigram
A rhetorical device that is a memorable, brief, interesting and surprising satirical statement commonly used in poetry, where it appears as a short satirical poem with a single subject ending in an ingenious or witty thought.
Pun
A play on words in which a humorous effect is produced by using a word that suggests two or more meanings or by exploiting similar sounding words having different meanings.
Dramatic Irony
(theater) irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play
Incongruity
contradictory elements that just don't seem to fit together. Often exposes or contrives a basic contradiction between appearance and reality, the ideal and the actual, the sublime and the ridiculous.
Hyperbole
purposeful exaggeration for effect
Situational Irony
An outcome that turns out to be very different from what was expected
Ambiguity
The multiple meanings, either intentional or unintentional, of a word, phrase, sentence, or passage.
Aestheticism
devotion to the idea of beauty in art, "art for arts sake"
understatement
The ironic minimalizing of fact, presents something as less significant than it is
mistaken identity
A centuries old comedic device used by Shakespeare in several of his works. The mistake can be either an intended act of deception or an accident.
burlesque or slapstick
humor that is derived from physical action.
caricature
a description of a person using exaggeration of some characteristics and oversimplification of others; may be insulting and can serve a political purpose or be soley for entertainment
wit
Intellectually amusing language that surprises and delights.
repartee
quick, witty reply or conversation
farce
A broad comedy, dependent on overblown speech, unbelievable situations, exaggerated characters, and, frequently, sexual innuendoes
Comedy of Manners
a popular form of satirical drama during the 19th century. The dialogue was witty and polished, and the plot frequently involved illicit lovers and cases of mistaken identity.
blocking figure
A character, often old and cranky, who interferes with the romantic desires or the other main characters and provides comic action
motif
a recurring element repeated in a literary work. Food is this in The Importance of Being Earnest
parody
A work that closely imitates the style or content of another with the specific aim of comic effect and/or ridicule.(i.e. Scary Movie, Saturday Night Live, The Onion, etc.). Also referred to as spoof.
satire
A technique employed by writers to expose and criticize foolishness and corruption of an individual or a society by using humor, irony, exaggeration or ridicule. It intends to improve humanity by criticizing its follies and foibles.
paradox
A statement that appears to be self-contradictory or opposed to common sense but upon closer inspection contains some degree of truth or validity.
aesthete
a person who affects great love of art, music, poetry, etc., AND indifference to practical matters.
verbal irony
irony in which a person says or writes one thing and means another, or uses words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of the literal meaning.
sarcasm
bitterness or taunting reproaches; it may or may not be ironical (saying "great" when we actually mean "terrible"), but is always cutting or ill-natured.
aside
A dramatic convention by which an actor directly addresses the audience but it is not supposed to be heard by the other actors on the stage.
dramatic irony
Irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play.
exposition
mood and conditions that exist at the beginning of the play.
innuendo
an indirect or subtle, usually derogatory implication in expression; an insinuation
metaphor
A comparison of two unlike things without using the word like or as.
symbol
An object or action in a literary work that means more than itself, that stands for something beyond itself.
flashback
An interruption in the chronological order of a narrative to describe an event that happened earlier