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Apex Learning Biology Semester 2 unit 2.2
Terms in this set (13)
A sequence of these three bases at one end of a tRNA molecule that match up to their complementary bases of mRNA
Three nucleotides (units) of a ribonucleic acid (RNA) chain that code for a specific amino acid. A codon can also signal the beginning or end of the amino acid (start and stop codons).
produces or shows a particular gene's protein
The control of when proteins are made and by what cells.
Messenger RNA; the ribonucleic acid molecule that serves as the template for protein
A covalent bond (a bond that involves the sharing of electrons) between the amino acid molecules in a protein.
A molecule in all living cells. Short for Ribonucleic acid, it's main job is to carry instructions from DNA for managing the production of proteins, although in some viruses RNA contains the genetic information, rather than DNA.
In transfermation, an enzyme that connects the new pieces of mRNA together.
The sequence of bases AUG which codes for the amino acid methionine and indicates the beginning of protein assembly.
A sequence of three bases on mRNA that do not code for an amino acid and therefore indicate the stop of translation.
A process by which the information in DNA is copied into a messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) molecule.
A step in the synthesis of protein, in which mRNA is decoded to form amino acids.
A single-stranded nucleic acid that carries a specific amino acid and matches it to the correct mRNA codon during the formation of a protein.