Horticulture II Vocab. Study Guide
All 26 horticulture heirloom seed vocabulary words.
Terms in this set (26)
A plant that conforms exactly to the known characteristics of that particular variety, the basis or standard for comparison.
A natural part of a plant that, when eaten, will make a person sick, or even kill them.
A seed that is alive, and will potentially germinate under proper conditions.
A male portion of a flower which produces pollen grains.
The process, either natural or with human intervention, by which plants displaying desirable characteristics are retained within a population.
The male spores or dust-like grains of reproductive material produced by the anthers.
Increasing the numbers of plants by vegetative means OR by planting seeds.
Plants that are started from seed and produce seeds themselves in one growing season.
Plants that require two growing seasons to complete their life cycle, usually exhibiting vegetative growth in the first year and producing seeds in the second year.
A state during which seeds will not sprout or germinate, even under the most favorable conditions.
The development of a long seeds stalk, as in "hot weather caused the lettuce plant to ____."
The process by which microbes (usually fungi) decomposes the slippery material around seeds, used to clean seeds and destroy seed-borne diseases.
A small aerial bulb that forms on the end of a flower stalk and is capable of forming a new plant, commonly found on garlic and other onion family members.
Non-sexual reproduction, used to produce new plants from leaves, cuttings, tubers, etc.
The gradual yet persistent loss of genetic resources, often due to inbreeding, failing to save seeds properly, indifference, etc.
The entire total of the hereditary materials (inherited characteristics) within a plant species.
The sum total range of genetic differences displayed by plants of the same species.
The sprouting of a seed, which marks the beginning of plant growth.
A non-hybrid vegetable variety that has been passed down from generation to generation, usually a long-time family favorite.
The offspring of a cross between parent varieties (usually of the same species) that are genetically different.
The enlarged portion of the pistil, which contains the ovules (upon fertilization these are the seeds).
A flower that contains both pistil (female) and stamen (male) parts.
Separating one plant or group from another to prevent any possibility of crossing. Usually expressed as a distance.
Any plant that lives more than two years, usually producing flowers and seeds from the same root year after year.
Loss of vigor and variation due to the rossing of two genetically similar plants.
Non-hybrid plants produced by crossing two parents from the same variety, which will produce plants just like the parent plants.