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80 terms

med term ch 4

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Which term means abnormal condition?
-ia
Which term refers to fibrous tissue?
fibr/o
Which term refers to hernia, swelling?
-cele
The combining form _____ refers to coordination.
tax/o
_____ refers to rupture.
-rrhexis
Another term meaning crosswise is _____.
transverse
When referring to muscle directions and positions another term for ringlike is _____.
sphincter
The _____ muscles are under voluntary control.
skeletal
A/An ______ is a calcium deposit in the plantar fascia near its attachment to the calcaneus bone.
heel spur
Turning the hand so the palm is upward is called ______.
supination
One of the symptoms of Parkinson's disease is ______, which is extreme slowness of movement.
bradykinesia
A/An _____ is a physician who specializes in physical medicine and rehabilitation with the focus on restoring function.
physiatrist
The term ______ means pertaining to muscle tissue and fascia.
myofascial
A/An ______ is a narrow band of nonelastic, fibrous connective connective tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone.
tendon
A band of fibers that holds structures together abnormally is a/an ______. These bands can form as the result of an injury or surgery.
adhesion
The paralysis of both legs and the lower part of the body is known as _____.
paraplegia
The surgical suturing of the end of a tendon to a bone is known as ____.
tenodesis
A medical term meaning heart muscle is ____.
myocardial
The buttock muscle is also known as the ______.
gluteus maximus
The muscular cap of the shoulder is also known as the ______.
deltoid
An injury to the body of the muscle or the attachment of a tendon is known as a/an _______. These are usually associated with overuse injuries that involve a wrenched or torn muscle or tendon attachment.
strain
A _____ is a drug that causes temporary paralysis by blocking the transmission of nerve stimuli to the muscles.
neuromuscular blocker
The condition of abnormal muscle tone that causes the impairment of voluntary muscle movement is known as ______.
dystonia
The term ______ means the rupture or tearing of a muscle.
myorrhexis
The term meaning the degeneration of muscle tissue is _____.
myolysis
The term _____ means abnormally increased muscle function or activity.
hyperkinesia
A/An ______ injury can be a strain or tear on any of the three muscles that straighten the hip and bend the knee.
hamstring
The specialized soft-tissue manipulation technique used to ease the pain of conditions such as fibromyalgia syndrome, movement restrictions, and temporomandibular joint disorders is known as _____.
myofascial release
An inflammation of the tissues surrounding the elbow is known as _______.
epicondylitis
The movement during which the knees or elbows are bent to decrease the angle of the joints is known as _____.
flexion
Pain in the leg muscles that occurs during exercise and is relieved by rest is known as ________. This condition is due to poor circulation and is associated with peripheral vascular disease.
intermittent claudication
A weakness or slight muscular paralysis is known as _____.
myoparesis
A stiff neck due to spasmodic contraction of the neck muscles that pull the head toward the affected side is known as _______ or wryneck.
spasmodic torticollis
TF Electromyography is a diagnostic test that measures the electrical activity within muscle fibers.
true
TF Overuse tendinitis is inflammation of tendons caused by excessive or unusual use of a joint.
true
TF Hemiplegia is the total paralysis of the lower half of the body.
false Hemiplegia is total paralysis affecting only one side of the body.
TF A spasm is a sudden, involuntary contraction of one or more muscles.
true
TF Ataxia is the distortion of voluntary movement such as in a tic or spasm.
False Ataxia is the lack of muscle coordination during voluntary movement.
TF Striated muscles are located in the walls of internal organs such as the digestive track, blood vessels, and ducts leading from glands.
FalseSmooth muscles are located in the walls of internal organs such as the digestive track, blood vessels, and ducts leading from glands.
George Quinton developed a swelling on the outer surface of his wrist. His doctor diagnosed this as being a/an ______ and explained that this was a harmless fluid-filled swelling.
ganglion cyst
Louisa Ferraro experienced _____ of her leg muscles due to the disuse of these muscles over a long period of time.
atrophy
Jasmine Franklin has _____. This is a condition in which there is diminished tone of the skeletal muscles.
hypotonia
Carolyn Goodwin complained of profound fatigue that is not improved by bed rest and was made worse by physical or mental activity. After ruling out other causes, her physician diagnosed her condition as being _______ syndrome.
chronic fatigue
For the first several days after his fall, Bob Hill suffered severe muscle pain. This condition is known as ______.
myalgia
A paralysis of all four limbs is known as _____.
quadriplegia
During ____, the arm moves inward and toward the side of the body.
adduction
Any abnormal condition of skeletal muscles is known as _____.
myopathy
Pain in several muscle groups is known as ______.
polymyalgia
A surgical incision into a muscle is known as _____.
myotomy
The term ____ means bending the foot upward at the ankle.
dorsiflexion
The death of individual muscle fibers is known as _____.
myonecrosis
Surgical suturing of torn fascia is known as _______.
fasciorrhaphy
Based on word parts, the removal of multiple muscles is known as ______.
polymyectomy
the surgical attachment of a fascia to another fascia or to a tendon is known as ______.
fasciodesis
Inflammation of the muscle of the heart is known as _____.
myocarditis
The surgical removal of fascia is a/an ______.
fasciectomy
The surgical suturing of a defect in a muscular wall, such as the repair of a hernia, is a/an ______.
herniorrhaphy
An incision into a sphincter muscle is a/an _____.
sphincterotomy
A medical condition in which there is a painful inflammation of the Achilles tendon caused by excessive stress being placed on that tendon is known as ________ (2 words).
achilles tendinitis
A painful condition caused by the muscle tearing away from the tibia is known as a/an ______. (2 words)
shin splint
A condition in which there is a protrusion of a muscle substance through a tear in the fascia surrounding it is known as a/an _____.
myocele
TF Sarcopenia is the loss of muscle mass, strength, and function that comes with aging.
True
The abbreviation for carpal tunnel syndrome is
CTS
The medical term for hiccups is _____.
singultus
TF Myasthenia gravis is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the neuromuscular junction and produces serious weakness of voluntary muscles.
True
The structure that describes a ring-like muscle is ____.
sphincter
Inflamed and swollen tendons caught in the narrow space between the bones within the shoulder joint cause the condition known as ______.
impingement syndrome
TF An antispasmodic is administered to suppress smooth muscle contractions of the stomach, intestine, or bladder.
true
TF Sarcopenia is a harmless fluid-filled swelling that occurs most commonly on the outer surface of the wrist.
False A ganglion cyst is a harmless fluid-filled swelling that occurs most commonly on the outer surface of the wrist.
TF Pronation is the movement that turns the palm of the hand upward.
false Pronation is the movement that turns the palm of the hand downward or backward.
TF Polymyositis is a muscle disease characterized by the simultaneous inflammation and weakening of involuntary muscles in many parts of the body.
false Polymyositis is a muscle disease characterized by the simultaneous inflammation and weakening of voluntary muscles in many parts of the body.
TF Myoclonus is the sudden, involuntary jerking of a muscle or group of muscles.
true
TF Hyperkinesia means abnormally decreased muscle function or activity.
false Hyperkinesia means abnormally increased muscle function or activity.
Duncan McDougle has slight paralysis on one side of his body. This condition, which was caused by a stroke, is known as ______.
hemiparesis
The term muscular _______ describes a group of genetic diseases characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of the skeletal muscles.
dystrophy
The surgical enlargement of the carpal tunnel or cutting of the carpal ligament to relieve nerve pressure is called ________.
carpal tunnel release
The muscle direction and position that describes "slanted at an angle" is _______.
oblique
The muscle direction and position that describes "straight" is _______.
rectus
The muscle direction and position that describes "toward the side" is _______.
lateralis
The abbreviation for repetitive stress disorder is ____.
RSD