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13 terms

World Studies II Ch. 14 Vocabulary

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absolute power
unlimited and unrestrained power
divine right
belief that king was established by God and therefore had absolute power and was not bound by human law
intendents
officials directly responsible to the French king
Frondes
French political upheavals between 1648 and 1653 aimed at challenging the power of the king; last serious attempt to limit the power of the king until the French Revolution
lieutenant
French officers responsible to the king by whom the king gained control of the army
Junkers
Prussian nobility who worked closely with the electors in governing the country and serving as officers in the Prussian army
czar
emperor of Russia
Roundheads
supporters of Parliament in the English Civil War
Cavaliers
supporters of the king in the English Civil War
cabinet government
a group of advisors to the English king who met to discuss matters of state
balance of power
the goal of European nations to ensure that no nation would dominate Europe; involved the formation of alliances
status quo ante bellum
the way things were before the war
Diplomatic Revolution
radical changes in traditional European alliances prior to the Seven Years' War