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27 terms

World 1

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fuedalism
a political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to the king, in exchange for thier loyalty, military service and protection of of the people who live on the land
Polytheism
belief in multiple Gods
theocracy
a political unit governed by a deity (or by officials thought to be divinely guided)
Loess
a fine-grained unstratified accumulation of clay and silt deposited by the wind
Shang Dynasty
the imperial dynasty ruling China from about the 18th to the 12th centuries BC
isis
Egyptian goddess of fertility
Cultural Diffusion
the spread of cultural elements from one society to another
Papyrus
a document written on papyrus
Harrapan civilization
An ancient Indian culture , dating back to 2500 BC, that included the people of the entire Indus River region
Sumer
an area in the southern region of Babylonia in present-day Iraq
Mesopotamia
the land between the Tigris and Euphrates
Hammurabi
Babylonian king who codified the laws of Sumer and Mesopotamia (died 1750 BC)
Dynastic cycle
the historical pattern of the rise, decline, and replacement of dynasties
hieroglyphics
an ancient Egyptian writing system in which pictures were used to represent ideas and sounds
Fertile crescent
A large arc of rich, or fertile, farmland
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Pyramids
monumental architecture typical of Old Kingdom Egypt; used as burial sites for pharaohs.
Mandate of Heaven
a political theory of ancient China in which those in power were given the right to rule from a divine source
Herodotus
the ancient Greek known as the father of history
Cuneiform
an ancient wedge-shaped script used in Mesopotamia and Persia
Cave Paintings
Prehistoric wall art
Scribes
people trained to write using the earliest forms of writing before literacy was widespread
Catal huyuk
One of first true cities in history, created in the Neolithic Era in 6500 to 5500 BC, from which were created agriculture, trading, temples, housing, and religions
UR
an ancient city of Sumer located on a former channel of the Euphrates River
Hominids
humans and other creatures that walk upright
Bronze age
(classical mythology) the third age of the world, marked by war and violence
Neolithic Revolution
the shift from hunting of animals and gathering of food to the keeping of animals and the growing of food on a regular basis around 8,000 BC
paleolithic age
second part of the Stone Age beginning about 750,00 to 500,000 years BC and lasting until the end of the last ice age about 8,500 years BC