Terms in this set (15)
Classification of law that defines and regulates the rights and duties between parties; generic term for non-criminal law
Classification of law that prohibits, punishes, and sets procedures for punishing conduct that is threatening or harmful to society.
Classification of law that defines the steps required to enforce legal rights and obligations
Classification of law that establishes principles and creates and defines rights and limitations under which society is governed, as differentiated from procedural law (see above).
Law concerning the power of government and the establishment of rules of general applicability, either society-wide (as in the case of criminal law and constitutional law), or as applicable to everyone choosing to engage in particular activities (as in the case of administrative law).
A written law enacted by Congress (federal law) or a state legislature (state law). Local statutes are usually called "ordinances."
three types of branches
legislative (creates laws), executive (enforces laws) and judicial (interprets laws).
The fundamental law of a nation or state, establishing the character and conception of its government, laying the basic principles to which its internal life is to be conformed, organizing the government, and regulating, distributing, and limiting the functions of its different departments, and prescribing the extent and manner of the exercise of sovereign powers.
Rule of law (principle) adopted by a court for the first time.
A principle that generally requires precedents to be followed in future, similar cases.
(agency determinations regarding the applicability and meaning of its
A President's or Governor's directive which has the force of law, usually based on existing statutory powers, and requiring no new action by the Congress or state legislature (i.e., does not require legislative approval because the power to create the executive order has already been derived from an existing law).
An agreement between sovereign nations
An enactment similar to a statute, but made by a legislative body that is subordinate to the state government (e.g., town or city councils, county legislators, etc.) and only having effect within the geographic boundaries of that
particular political subdivision
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Smart Words: Vocabulary for Everyday Use
Chapter 1: The Constitutional Foundation