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Ch. 18 History Test
Terms in this set (40)
role of the government to work out conflicts among competing interest groups
method of boycotting working by sitting down at work and refusing to leave the establishment
something that provides security against misfortune; specifically government relief programs intended to protect against economic disaster
a monetary standard in which one ounce of gold equaled a set number of dollars
government practice of spending borrowed money rather than raising taxes, usually in an attempt to boost the economy
process whereby a neutral party hears arguments from two opposing sides and makes a decision that both must accept
radio broadcasts made by FDR to the American people to explain his initiatives
Agricultural Adjustment Administration
established to help farmers by reducing production of staple crops
Nation Labor Relations Board
a board to guarantee workers' rights to organize and to prevent unfair labor practices
Farm Credit Administration
helped farmers refinance the mortgages on their farms
Civilian Conservation Corps
program that sent young, unemployed men to work on conservation projects in rural areas and national parks
Home Owner's Loan Corporation
government bought mortgages to make them easier to repay
Securities and Exchange Commission
created to regulate the stock market and prevent fraud
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
provide government protection for bank deposits up to a certain amount
Works Progress Administration
provided jobs and income to the unemployed primarily in major construction jobs
FDR's Republican opponent in 1936 election
one of FDR's most influential advisors
John Maynard Keynes
British economist who influenced FDR's deficit spending decision
attacked the New Deal on his national radio show
Democratic senator form Louisiana considered FDR's biggest threat
When FDR became president, his first step was to restore confidence in the ____________.
his support of the National Housing Act
All of the following weakened Roosevelt's support during his second term EXCEPT _______. his court-packing plan, his support of the National Housing Act, the economic recession of 1937, SCOTUS rulings against the New Deal policies
Civilian Conservation Corps
Which First New Deal programs hired single men, age 18-25 for nature resource conservation?
he wanted to pack the court with men who would support his New Deal
Roosevelt sent a bill to Congress that would increase the number of Supreme Court Justices because ________.
Which person/ program was not a critic of FDR's from the political left? Harry Hopkins, Father Coughlin, Huey Long, Townsend Plan
Many people wanted to convert their savings to gold in case Roosevelt abandoned the gold standard
What best describes why bank runs greatly increased just before Roosevelt took office?
the federal government is responsible for the economic welfare of those who are unable to work
The Social Security Act established the principle that __________.
Frances Perkins, the Secretary of _______ was the first woman appointed to a cabinet position.
had a duty to maintain safeguards that protected citizens against economic disaster
The New Deal brought about a new public attitude that government __________.
One event that shaped FDR's life was when he contracted _________.
Who said ".... the only thing we have to fear is fear itself...."
What was the name given to FDR's group of advisors?
Who was FDR's wife?
Social Security Act; it provided some security to the elderly and unemployed workers
Name the 1935 law that is considered one of the most important laws in US history. What did it do?
25% unemployment, bank failure
Give two examples that show the nation's economic condition when FDR took office.
Hundred Days; 15 acts
What is the name given to the period of intense legislative activity between March and June 1933? How many important pieces of legislation were passed during this time?
the sick chicken case
The Supreme Court unanimously struck down NIRA in the Schechter v. US case. What was the nickname for this case?
What group of Americans voted for FDR and the Democratic Party for the first time in history in the 1936 presidential election?
9 Old Men
What did FDR called the SCOTUS after they struck down New Deal legislation
Americans viewed the Federal gov as a safety net, FDR limited success ending the Great Depression, Americans gained confidence
What are three things that are considered as part of the legacy of the New Deal?
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