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35 terms

Native Americans & Explorers

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Vikings
Discovered New Foundland, from Scandinavia
Columbus
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)
Magellan
This was the first person to lead an expedition that circumnavigated the world, died before completed
Ponce de Leon
Explored Florida looking for the Fountain of Youth
Samuel de Champlain
established a settlement on the site of modern Quebec
Hernan Cortes
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico
Henry Hudson
Discovered what today is known as the Hudson River. He was looking for a northwest passage through North America.
Jacques Marquette
French missionary who accompanied Louis Joliet in exploring the upper Mississippi River valley (1637-1675)
Amerigo Vespucci
Italian sailor who corrected Columbus's mistake, acknowledging the coasts of America as a new world. America is named after him
Francisco Coronado
first European to discover the Grand Canyon
Vasco Nunez de Balboa
Spanish explorer who discovered the Pacific Ocean
Prince Henry
Started a school for sailors and sponsored early voyages of exploration
de Soto
discovered Mississippi river
Francisco Pizzaro
Arrived in Peru; crushed Incas
John Cabot
explored the coast of New England, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland. Gave England a claim in North America.
5 Reasons for exploration
1. gold/furs; 2. spread religion; 3. colonization; 4. mercantilism; 5. discovery of new land
Mercantilism
an economic theory that believe the colonies should benefit the mother country
alliance
a joining together for some common purpose; Dutch - Iroquois, French - Huron
exploitation
the utilization of another person for selfish purposes
republic
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting, our government is based upon this
northwest passage
A water route from the Atlantic to the Pacific
Anasazi
lived in the southwest, built cliff dwellings
Mayans
can be found in Mexico/Central America
Aztecs (Montezuma)
can be found in Mexico/Central America
Incas (Atahualpa)
defeated by Pizarro, located in Peru
Iroquois
made alliance with the Dutch
Plantation
Large farms worked by many laborers
Mound Builders
Mississippians - Native Americans who built earthen mounds
League of Iroquois Nations
5 tribes coming together to make peace and unite- established council
Spanish Armada
the great fleet sent from Spain against England by Philip II, defeated by England's smaller ships
fur trade
over-trapping weakened the food chain, demand decreased and land became more valued
What helped the Spanish defeat the Native Americans?
"technology" (weapons, armor) and horses (NA had never seen)
Columbian Exchange
The exchange of goods and ideas between Native Americans and Europeans
conquistadors
Spanish conquerors
Land bridge theory
people crossed from Asia to Alaska on a land bridge of ice