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Discovered New Foundland, from Scandinavia


Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)


This was the first person to lead an expedition that circumnavigated the world, died before completed

Ponce de Leon

Explored Florida looking for the Fountain of Youth

Samuel de Champlain

established a settlement on the site of modern Quebec

Hernan Cortes

Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico

Henry Hudson

Discovered what today is known as the Hudson River. He was looking for a northwest passage through North America.

Jacques Marquette

French missionary who accompanied Louis Joliet in exploring the upper Mississippi River valley (1637-1675)

Amerigo Vespucci

Italian sailor who corrected Columbus's mistake, acknowledging the coasts of America as a new world. America is named after him

Francisco Coronado

first European to discover the Grand Canyon

Vasco Nunez de Balboa

Spanish explorer who discovered the Pacific Ocean

Prince Henry

Started a school for sailors and sponsored early voyages of exploration

de Soto

discovered Mississippi river

Francisco Pizzaro

Arrived in Peru; crushed Incas

John Cabot

explored the coast of New England, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland. Gave England a claim in North America.

5 Reasons for exploration

1. gold/furs; 2. spread religion; 3. colonization; 4. mercantilism; 5. discovery of new land


an economic theory that believe the colonies should benefit the mother country


a joining together for some common purpose; Dutch - Iroquois, French - Huron


the utilization of another person for selfish purposes


A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting, our government is based upon this

northwest passage

A water route from the Atlantic to the Pacific


lived in the southwest, built cliff dwellings


can be found in Mexico/Central America

Aztecs (Montezuma)

can be found in Mexico/Central America

Incas (Atahualpa)

defeated by Pizarro, located in Peru


made alliance with the Dutch


Large farms worked by many laborers

Mound Builders

Mississippians - Native Americans who built earthen mounds

League of Iroquois Nations

5 tribes coming together to make peace and unite- established council

Spanish Armada

the great fleet sent from Spain against England by Philip II, defeated by England's smaller ships

fur trade

over-trapping weakened the food chain, demand decreased and land became more valued

What helped the Spanish defeat the Native Americans?

"technology" (weapons, armor) and horses (NA had never seen)

Columbian Exchange

The exchange of goods and ideas between Native Americans and Europeans


Spanish conquerors

Land bridge theory

people crossed from Asia to Alaska on a land bridge of ice

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