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Ch. 19 History Test
Terms in this set (39)
a new technology called radar
What major advantage did the RAF have over the German Luftwaffe?
It followed the Treaty of Versailles
All but which of the following are true of the Nazi Party that arose in Germany following WWI? it followed the Treaty of Versailles, it was nationalistic, Hitler was one of its recruits, it was anticommunist
the US's embargo on strategic materials, like oil
What motivated the Japanese to formalize their alliance with Germany and Italy?
opposed an American intervention or aid to the Allies
FDR's destroyers-for-bases deal with Britain led to the founding of the America First Committee, a group that ________.
At Munich, leaders of Britain and France followed a policy of ______________ with Hitler, giving concessions in exchange for peace.
they feared Hitler would try and invade their country next
All but which of the following were reasons why Europe's leaders believed that Hitler could be satisfied and war avoided? they were fearful of another bloody conflict like WWI, they feared Hitler would try and invade their country next, some felt that Hitler's desire to unite all German-speaking regions was reasonable, some believed the Nazis would be interested in peace once they gained more territory
they agreed to his demands thinking that this would avoid war
How did European leaders respond to Hitler's plans to unite the German-speaking regions of Europe?
by ordering the US to protect British cargo ships in the Atlantic
While proclaiming US neutral FDR helped Britain in all ways EXCEPT
The "night of broken glass" is otherwise referred to as _______.
the British air force
In the early stages of WWII the most important defense that Britain had against German bombing was_______.
Benito Mussolini based his rule on the ideas of _____.
freedom from communism
All but which of the following are part of the Four Freedoms? freedom from want, freedom from fear, freedom from communism, freedom of speech
All but which of the following countries became known as the Axis Powers in the late 1930s?
What was the meeting of Nazi leaders to determine the final solution of the Jewish question called?
they were communist governments
The Europeans governments established in Italy, Russia, and Germany after WWI shared all of the same following features EXCEPT
What event was marked by Jewish geocide
________ was one of the first and largest concentration camps in Germany
a French built line of bunkers and fortifications along the German border
What was the Maginot Line?
to round up Jews and send them to concentration and extermination camps
What was the Nazi's final solution to the Jewish question?
FDR and Churchill committed themselves to a postwar world of democracy, nonaggression, free trade, economic advancement, and freedom of the seas
called Il Duce, facist leader of Italy during WWII
dictatorial leader of the Nazi Party during WWII
possibly suffered from Parkinson's Disease, dictator of the Soviet Union from 1928-1953
Prime Minister of Great Britain during WWII
first head of the USSR (1870-1924)
declared "peace in our time" after the Munich Conference
lost to FDR in the 1940 presidential election
name given to sudden German offensive actions; "lightning war"
"sit down" war
Hebrew word for Holocaust
unification of Austria and Germany under Hitler's direction
they wanted to avoid war, the unification of German-speaking people seemed reasonable, they thought that Hitler might be more interested in peace once he gained more land
List three reasons European leaders agreed to a policy of appeasement with Hitler
Winston Churchill; referring to the Battle of Britain
Who said "never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few" what was this person referring to in this quote?
FDR; Pearl Harbor
Who said "December 7, 1941. A date which will live in infamy" to what was this quote referring?
French and British troops were cut off in France, 850 ships and civilian boats were used to rescue the soldiers, 335000 soldiers were rescued
Name three things about the "Miracle at Dunkirk"
Mein Kampf is a book that Hitler wrote to outline Nazi racial policies. It means "My Struggle"
What is Mein Kampf? What does it mean translated into English?
Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact
Name the agreement signed by Hitler and Stalin pledging not to go to war with each other.
They had radar technology and English Channel
Why were the British able to hold off the German Luftwaffe in the Battle of Britain?
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