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Ch. 20 History Test
Terms in this set (50)
Bataan Death March
The Japanese forced nearly 78000 prisoners they captured in the Philippines to march 65 miles to a prison camp. Thousands died on the march which became known as ________.
limiting the availability of
As the demand for raw materials and supplies created shortages, the OPA began rationing or ______ many products to make sure enough was available for military use.
The German forces in North Africa were commanded by a brilliant leader whose success earned him the nickname ________.
in the deep south and southern California
A new region - sunbelt - developed _________ as many Americans moved during the war in search of jobs
Russia would attack Japan when America attacked Germany
All but which of the following agreements was reached at the Tehran Conference in 1943?
They were welded
What made Liberty ships different from other ships
evacuate to 10 internment camps
Following an order signed by FDR, the West Coast was declared a military zone and ordered all people of Japanese ancestry to _________.
Churchill referred to ______ as the "soft underbelly" of Europe.
What is the name of the B-29 bomber that dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima
attack on Pearl Harbor
After the __________, many West Coast Americans turned their anger against Japanese Americans and became suspicious of their loyalty to the US
large numbers of immigrants provided the workers needed in American factories in the North
All but which of the following factors enabled US to expand its industrial output so dramatically during the war
After the Japanese attack at ________, the commander of the US Navy began planning operations against the Japanese Navy
Instead of asking companies for bids for producing needed military supplies, the gov signed ______ contracts in which it agreed to pay a company their expenses to make a product in addition to a percentage of the costs as profit
Four Japanese aircraft carriers were destroyed
Why was the Battle of Midway considered a turning point in the war in the Pacific?
a plan to capture island after island in a path toward Japan
What American strategy drove back the Japanese in the Pacific?
by issuing war bonds
How did the government finance the majority of the war effort
was completely segregated
At the start of the war, the US military was
_________ are dirt walls, several feet thick covered with shrubbery
the loss of many ships convinced the US Navy to set up a ______ under which cargo ships traveled in groups and were escorted by navy warships
Battle of the Bulge
What was the last major offensive staged by Hitler against the Allies?
All but which of the following were new advancements that enabled the Allies turn the Battle of the Atlantic in their favor?
What is another word for constitution?
August 15, 1945 was referred to as
The American Program to build an atomic bomb was called
The Nuremburg Trials
___________ was the name for the international military tribunal that tried German leaders suspected of committing war crimes.
Women's Army Auxiliary Corps
Congress first allowed women to be part of the military in May 1942 by establishing
sell their war bonds
Rising prices and shortages during WWII led millions of Americans to do all of the following EXCEPT ________.
The _______ is the name for the international organization created after WWII.
Labor shortages forced factories to hire married women for jobs that had been only for men
In which way did life for married women change during WWII?
All but which of the following were serious difficulties in the US during WWII
because Germany remained on the defensive for the rest of the war
Why is the Battle of Stalingrad considered a turning point of the European War?
appointed an African American to the rank of brigadier general
Under pressure from African American leaders FDR did which of the following?
integrate the military and to encourage defense industries to hire black workers
A Philip Randolph's march on Washington was planned to pressure President Roosevelt to _______.
The first American bombing of the Japanese mainland was known as the ______.
victory over Hitler abroad and over racism at home
The "Double-V" campaign referred to _______.
it instituted a cost-plus pricing policy and offered loans for conversion of factories
How did the federal gov motivate industry to covert to war production?
the complete racial integration of the military
The US employed new armed services policies during WWII that included all of the following EXCEPT ____.
Kamikaze means_______ in Japanese; it refers to the great storm that destroyed the Mongol fleet during its invasion of Japan in the 13th century.
the Allied invasion of France
Operation Overlord was the code name for _______.
sentencing of the Japanese emperor to death
The war trials that were held after WWII accomplished all of the following EXCEPT ______.
led a surprise bombing raid on Toyko
Douglas Mac Arthur
commander of the US Army in the Pacific
German general known as the Desert Fox
commander of the US Navy in the Pacific
American general who defeated Germans in North Africa
US President that decided to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima
leader of Operation Overlord and the D-Day invasion
Benjamin O Davis
highest ranking African American in the US Army
American actor who spent time at an internment camp in Rowher, Arkansas
J Robert Oppenheimer
leader of the Manhattan Project
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