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World History Terms
Terms in this set (59)
Rebirth refers to a historical period in Europe
Intellectual movement of the Renaissance based on the study of the humanities which included grammar rhetoric poetry moral philosophy and history
Religious reform movement that divided Europe into catholic and protest groups started by Martian Luther.
He began the reformation in early sixteenth century, he was German monk, initiated the Protestant Reformation by posting the 95 These in 1517
Belief that God has determined in advance who will be saved and who will be damned
Individals whose guns and determination brought them incredible sucess
Settlement of people living in a new territory, linked with the parent country by trade and direct government control
Set of principles that dominated economic thought in the seventeenth century
Balance of trade
Difference in value between what a nations imports and what it exports over time
Marked the emergence of the world
Divine right of kings
Kings receive their power from God and are responsible only to God
A system in which a ruler holds total power
1688 overthrow of King James II of England by an Union of English parliamentarians with William III
Works political work called Two treaties of government 1690
Rights that everyone have, born with
Believed sun was in the center of universe
From French notability, famous work "Spirit of laws"
Greatest figure of enlightenment, came from middle class family
"Wealth of nation"
To let people do what they want concept that that state should not impose government regulations but should leave the economy alone
Entire society agrees to be governed by General will. Concept proposed by Rousseau that an entire society agrees to be governed by the General will and all individuals should be forced to abide by the General will since it represents what is best for the entire community
Declaration of Independence
Wrote by Thomas Jefferson
Dominated French and European history from 1799 to 1815 brought Revolutionary War to end
A sudden overthrow of the government led by successful and popular general Napoleon Bonaparte
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
opposing political or social liberalization or reform.
Activity in rural homes
method of manufacturing using machinery and division of labor
Some one who is always looking for business
Steam engine inventor
a population shift from rural to urban homes
German philosopher revolutionary socialist
workers or working-class people, regarded collectively
mass-production of steel from molten pig iron prior to the open hearth furnace
the differential survival and reproduction of individuals
a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
term coined in the late 19th century to describe the idea that humans, like animals and plants, compete in a struggle for existence
a political philosophy or worldview founded on ideas of liberty and equality.
is any political philosophy that favours tradition
sphere of influence
Jan area in which a foreign power has been granted exclusive rights and privileges, such as trading rights and mining privileges.
a chain of events that restored practical imperial rule to Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji.
The unique cultural identity of a people based on common language, religion and national symbols
Reliance on military strength
A social, political, and economic ideology where is common ownership of production and a sense of social classes. There is the working class who must work to survive and who make up a majority of society, and the capitalist class- a minority who derive profit from employing the working class.
The process of assembling troops and supplies and making them ready for war.
The process by which a country determines its own statehood and forms its own allegiances and government.
Payment made to the victors by the vanquished to cover the cost of a war.
A rapid increase in prices
Russian for " caesar" the title used by Russian emperors
The architect of Russia's 1917 Bolshevik revolution and the first leader of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. A prominent Marxist, Lenin was born in 1870 inRussia with the last name Ulianov.
Russian Revolution definition. A revolution in Russia in 1917-1918, also called the October Revolution, that overthrew the czar and brought the Bolsheviks, a Communist party led by Lenin, to power.
Joseph Stalin was the leader of the Soviet Union and the Communist party from 1929 to 1953. He used ruthless methods to consolidate his power and ruled the Soviet Union by terror. His actions shaped the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union, leading to the Cold War after World War II.
A policy of forced consolidation of individual peasant households into collective farms called "kolkhozes" as carried out by the Soviet government in the late 1920's - early 1930's.
A political philosophy that glorifies the state above the individual by emphasizing the need for a strong central government led by a dictatorial ruler.
absolute control by the state or a governing branch of a highly centralized institution.
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