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Final Exam 2016
Terms in this set (68)
direct-tells the audience what the personality of the character is:
Example: "The patient boy and quiet girl were both well mannered and did not disobey their
Explanation: The author is directly telling the audience the personality of these two children. The
boy is "patient" and the girl is "quiet."
indirect- shows things that reveal the personality of a character. What does the character say? How does the character speak? What is revealed through the character's private thoughts and feelings? What is revealed through the character's effect on other people? How do
other characters feel or behave in reaction to the character? What does the character do? How does the character behave? What does the character look like? How does the character dress?
introduction of characters, setting, beginning of conflict
struggle between opposing forces. Usually, the main character struggles against some other force. This type of conflict is what drives each and every story
series of relevant incidents that create suspense, interest and tension in a narrative. In literary works, a rising action includes all decisions, characters' flaws and background circumstances that together create turns and twists leading to a climax.
decisive moment that is of maximum intensity or is a major turning point in a plot.
occurs after the climax has been reached and the conflict has been resolved
the conflict is resolved and story has a clear ending
the expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect
creating situations where audience knows more about the situations, the causes of conflicts and their resolutions before leading characters or actors
uses words or expressions with a meaning that is different from the literal interpretation.
visually descriptive or figurative language, especially in a literary work. use of the five senes
phrase that is used to make a comparison between two people, things, animals, or places without using like or as
a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid (e.g., as brave as a lion, crazy like a fox ). using like or as
exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.
human qualities are given to animals, objects or ideas
the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named (e.g., cuckoo, sizzle )
a work's thematic concept is what readers "think the work is about"
style of speaking or writing determined by the choice of words by a speaker or a writer. Diction or choice of word
an idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its literal or primary meaning.
the literal or primary meaning of a word (dictionary definition)
hints that an author gives to help define a difficult or unusual word. The clue may appear within the same sentence as the word to which it refers, or it may follow in a preceding sentence
concerns your main character's self-doubt - his or her dilemma over the best way to achieve the Story Goal -
he/she/it (something outside of) can effectively oppose the Protagonist's effort to achieve the goal.
man vs. self
internal dilemma-morals, values
man vs. man
One character in the story has a problem with one or more of the other characters
man vs. nature
when a character, or characters, find themselves at odds with forces of nature. A character struck by lightning, characters whose boat sinks in a storm and a character who struggles against hypothermia in a snow storm are all characters experiencing man versus nature conflicts.
man vs. society
A character has a conflict or problem with some element of society--the school, the law, the accepted way of doing things, and so on.
the author's attitude toward the subject
the emotion the reader feels from a piece of literature
can be proven
a person's beliefs, feelings, or thoughts
an accepted belief that is not necessarily true
written by the person it is about
written about a person by an outside writer
tells what happens within a specific time frame and is written about specific things that have happened
A memoir is not what happens, but the person to whom things happen
usually written to convey a message or persuade an audience on an idea.
a brief statement or account of the main points of something
express the meaning of (the writer or speaker or something written or spoken) using different words, especially to achieve greater clarity.
support lifted directly from text to support inferences, claims, and assertions
generating a single main idea between two pieces of literature
the leading character or one of the major characters in a drama, movie, novel, or other fictional text
a person who actively opposes or is hostile to someone or something; an adversary
a text that lists, ranks, or puts ideas into a specific sequence
organizational pattern- description
a text that describes a topic in detail
a text that examines the similarities and differences in two or more topics.
a text that identifies a cause or causes that lead to specific results or effects
a text that presents a problem and then offers one or more possible solutions
attempt to get the reader to agree with your point of view. You are trying to present arguments, research, and ideas in order to sway the reader one way or the other.
appeal to ethics, and it is a means of convincing someone of the character or credibility of the persuader.
appeal to logic, and is a way of persuading an audience by reason (statistics)
appeal to emotion, and is a way of convincing an audience of an argument by creating an emotional response
amusing and satirical in its tone, mostly having cheerful ending. The motif of this dramatic work is triumph over unpleasant circumstance by which to create comic effects, resulting in happy or successful conclusion.
which the main character is brought to ruin or suffers extreme sorrow, especially as a consequence of a tragic flaw, moral weakness, or inability to cope with unfavorable circumstances
technique in which writers employ two or more characters to be engaged in conversation with each other.
is a speech presented by a single character, most often to express their mental thoughts aloud, though sometimes also to directly address another character or the audience.
investigate an idea, evaluate evidence, expound on the idea, and set forth an argument concerning that idea in a clear and concise manner.
a statement or theory that is put forward as a premise to be maintained or proved
contains facts, statements, examples-specifics which guide us to a full understanding of the main idea. They clarify, illuminate, explain, describe, expand and illustrate the main idea
a sentence that expresses the main idea of the paragraph in which it occurs
point of view
the narrator's position in relation to the story being told.
3rd person limited
narrator only knows the thoughts and feelings of one character. All characters are described using pronouns, such as 'they', 'he', and 'she'.
is someone telling you his or her story,
3rd person omniscient
the narrator knows all the thoughts, actions, and feelings of all characters. The author may move from character to character to show how each one contributes to the plot.
3rd person objective
narrator who tells a story without describing any character's thoughts, opinions, or feelings; instead, it gives an objective, unbiased point of view. Often the narrator is self-dehumanized in order to make the narrative more neutral.
a conclusion reached on the basis of evidence from what you have read/seen and reasoning based on your own personal experience
using information that is implied or inferred to make meaning out of what is not clearly stated
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