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18 terms

Thanatology Lesson 1.1

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Behaviorism
Is the school of psychological thought that views learning as the most important aspect of an organisms development. Behaviorism seeks to objectively measure behavior and the way in which stimulus-response relationships are formed.
Biological Psychology
The school of psychological thought in which all behaviors can be traced to the biological function of the brain. Therefore most of our behaviors are caused by the chemicals of our physical body.
Clinical Psychology
The field of pschology which is designed to understand, diagnose and treat abnormal, deviant behavior.
Cognition
The study of the origins and consequences of thought, memories, beliefs, perce3ptions, explanations and other mental processes.
Cognitive Psychology
Studies internal mental processes, which include, thinking, memoty, concept formation, perception, and the processing of information.
Counseling Psychology
Field of psychology designed to help solve personal, academic, or vocational problems that do not stem from mental disorders.
Developmental Psychology
Field of psychology which study the way in which behaviors develop and change during a lifespan.
Educational Psychology
Field of psychology which studies education systems, methods of teaching, methods of learning, curricula and other factors that influence the learning process.
Functionalism
The school of psycological thought which proposed that the function, not the structure, of conscious experience should be studied.
Humanistic
A school of pschological thought that emphasizes the uniqueness of the individual and the search for selfactualization.
Motivation
The process that initiates, directs, and sustains behavior satisfying physiological or psychological needs.
Personality Psychology
The specialization of study in which a persons personality is tied to the mental processes of an individual.
Psychiatrist
A medical doctor who has completed specialized training in the field of mental health, such as psychiatric recedency.
Psychoanalysis
A therapy through which one seeks to bring unconscious desires into consciousness and make it possible to resolve conflicts, which usually date back to early childhood experiences.
Psychologist
Those individuals who have a Doctor of Philosophy degree in Psychology but are not medical doctors.
Psychology
The science of behavior and mental processes.
Psychotherapy
A category of methods for treating psychological disorders in which the primary technique is conversation between pateient and therapist.
Structuralism
The school of psychological thought that is concerned with reducing experience to its basic parts, determining the laws by which the parts are synthesized and investigating the structure and content of mental state by introspection.