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Hetherington World History Chapter 25 (Multiple Choice)
Terms in this set (24)
What were two major results of the "enclosure movement"?
- landowners tried new agricultural methods
- large landowners forced small farmers to become tenant farmers or to give up farming and move to the cities
Identify five factors that contributed to England's leadership in the Industrial Revolution.
- extensive natural resources
- expanding economy to support industrialization
- large population
- highly developed banking system
- political stability
As England transformed into industry, what was the first industry to be transformed?
Identify three factors that led to an increased demand for British-manufactured goods.
- growing overseas trade
- economic prosperity
- a climate of progress
For what reason was a cash prize offered to contestants to produce a better spinning machine?
spinners could not keep up with the speedy weavers
Why were the first factories built near water?
they needed waterpower
What were the four major effects resulting from the invention and perfection of the locomotive?
- spurred industrial growth by giving manufacturers cheap ways transport materials and finished products
- created hundreds of thousands of new jobs for both railroad workers and miners
- boosted England's agricultural and fishing industries
- encouraged country people to take distant city jobs by making travel easier
Identify four negatives that are associated with rapid industrialization.
- unhealthy working conditions
- air and water pollution
- the ills of child labor
- rising class tensions
As industrialization occurred in England, why did cities lack development plans, sanitary codes, and building codes?
England's cities grew rapidly
What disease regularly swept through the slums of Great Britain's industrial cities?
What three factors contributed to the shortened life expectancy of mine workers in England?
- frequent accidents
- damp conditions
- constant breathing of coal dust
Why were so many women and children employed in the mining industry?
they were the cheapest source of labor
Identify four positive effects of the Industrial Revolution.
- it created jobs for workers
- it contributed to the wealth of the nation
- it fostered technological progress and invention
- it greatly increased the production of goods and raised the standard of living
For what reason did educational opportunities expand during the Industrial Revolution?
the Industrial Revolution had a demand for engineers
What unique advantages helped Manchester to become a leading example of the new industrial city?
- ready access to waterpower
- available labor from the nearby countryside
- an outlet to the sea at Liverpool
What three resources did the United States possess that it to industrialize its industries?
- fast flowing rivers
- rich deposits of coal and iron ore
- a supply of laborers made up of farm workers and immigrants
Identify three factors that contributed to a technological boom in the United States after 1865.
- a wealth of natural resources
- a burst of inventions
- a swelling urban population that consumed the new manufactured goods
What European continental nation led the way in adopting Britain's new technology?
Identify two factors that hampered countrywide industrialization in Germany?
- economic isolation
- scattered resources
Why was French industrialization more measured and controlled than in other European countries?
the agricultural economy remained strong
Upon what three "natural laws" did Adam Smith's arguments for economic liberty rest?
- the law of self-interest
- the law of competition
- the law of supply and demand
Cynically, what was the value of wars and epidemics so far as Thomas Malthus was concerned?
they killed off the extra, most of whom were destined to be poor and miserable
To Smith, Malthus, and Ricardo, what three negative consequences would emerge from government efforts to help poor workers?
- it would upset the free market system
- it would lower profits
- it would undermine the production of wealth in society
Why did skilled workers lead the way in forming unions?
their special skills gave them extra bargaining power
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