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name given to France by Julius Caesar and the Romans when they conquered it


tribes which lived in Gaul during Roman Empire


Germanic tribe that conquered Gaul after fall of Roman Empire - France gets its name from them

Feudal System

divided land among best warriors - invented in France during the Middle Ages


built by warriors for protection in Middle Ages


gradually became more powerful than all the French nobles

King of England in England

King of France became more powerful in France than


French sent explorers to and claimed


French traded with and were generally friendly with


defeated French in America and took Canada from them

American colonies

France helped them get their independence from Britain

late 1700's

time when French nobles and royal family were very rich - most French were very poor

French Revolution

in 1789 French people overthrew the King and nobles

Napoleon Bonaparte

took over after French Revolution - became emperor - tried to conquer Europe - defeated by Britain


government of France after Napoleon - a democracy without a King


German state which easily defeated France in 1870 and took to provinces from France

Africa and Asia

where France got colonies in the late 1800's

World War I

War in which France was invaded by Germany - Britain and U.S. helped France defeat Germany

Trench warfare

horrible type of fighting in northern France during World War I - millions died - much of country ruined

Maginot Line

defensive line built between France and Germany to keep Germans out - Germans went around it

World War II

war Hitler and Germans conquered France - then were forced out by Britain and U.S.

D Day

June 6,1944 - largest invasion of all time - British and Americans landed in Northern France and defeated Germany

After World War II

France became much weaker - lost most of overseas colonies


ally of U.S. but often disagrees with U.S. on international problems

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