World History Second Semester Final
Terms in this set (53)
What people broke away from Mali's empire and gained control of the all-important trade routes?
Who was Mali's first great leader?
How did rulers of Ghana grow rich?
taxing goods traders carried through their territory
What areas played an important role in the African trade between 800 and 1500?
Savanna, coastal, southern Africa
The original Almohads and Almoravids were both a part of which group?
What did Portugal's initial interest in Africa mostly seem to concern?
trading spices, perfumes, and silks
The Swahili language was developed from a mixture of what languages?
Arabic and Bantu
What did Africans mainly provide in the trade between East Africa and Asia.
raw materials: ivory, gold, tortoiseshell, ambergis, leapard skins, rhino horns
What was the chief means of social and political organization in African stateless societies?
What city controlled the trade routes and was the economic, political, and religious center of an empire?
What was the Renaissance a rebirth of?
art and learning
Who declared himself head of the English Church?
Luther protested the practice of selling indulgences. What was that practice?
In what way did Leonardo da Vinci represent the Renaissance Man?
He was a painter, sculptor, inventor, and scientist
What was the first full-sized book Gutenberg printed?
What were Desiderius Erasmus and Thomas More?
What is the Medici family famous for?
The study of classical texts caused humanists to focus on what subject?
human potential and achievements
Who was the important Catholic Reformer who founded the Jesuit order?
What was one of John Calvin's major teachings?
Believers interpret the bible for themselves
What did Hongu do first to help China become a dominant power?
Drove out mongols; made reforms in agriculture
During the 1500's what was china's official trade policy?
Why was the caravel and important development in navigation?
It allowed sailing against the wind
Who were the first Europeans to arrive on Japanese soil?
Which European country was the leader in developing and applying 15th century sailing innovations?
What type of policy did Japan institute to control foreign ideas?
closed country policy
What type of poetry presents images rather than expresses an idea?
What was the economic activity in New France?
What did the ecomienda system provide for New Spain?
slave labor of Native Americans
Where in the Americas did Christopher Columbus land first?
What was the purpose of most of the joint-stock companies in the 1500's and 1600's?
Why did Europeans see Africans as a better sources of labor than Native Americans?
immunity to European diseases; knew how to farm
Who conquered the Aztecs?
Which European country was the first to import enslaved Africans to the Americas?
As part of the Columbian exchange what was carried west across the Atlantic?
fruit, livestock, coffee
What area was originally founded as a settlement by the Dutch?
Which enlightenment thinkers influenced the bill of rights?
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
European art of the 1600's and early 1700's was dominated by a grand, ornate style, called what?
What writing is the idea of direct democracy explained in?
The Social Contract
What did Isaac Newton explain?
Law of Universal Gravitation
What did Francis Bacon develop?
Who proposed the heliocentric theory?
Henry Fielding is a writer well known for what?
the first novel
About what percent of France's population belonged to the Third Estate?
Why did Napoleon attack Portugal?
The refused to follow the Napoleonic Code
How did Admiral Nelson win the battle of Trafalgar?
By dividing Napoleon's army and attacking
What was Napoleon able to accomplish during peacetime?
Napoleonic Code, public schools, better tax system
During the Reign of Terror, who was safe from guillotine?
What document stated that "men are born and remain free and equal in rights?"
Declaration of the Rights of Man
What happened on July 14, Bastille Day?
a mob stormed the prison, killing the guards and inmates
What was the important goal of the Congress of Vienna?
Stability in Europe
Who was the most influential leader at the Congress of Vienna?