Chapter 4 Federalism
Chapter 4 Federalism- Burnham
Terms in this set (15)
specific powers granted to Congress in the Constitution.
Congress uses expressed powers to govern the United States.
powers not specifically mentioned in the constitution
The government has the right to take advantage of implied powers.
Powers the Constitution is presumed to have delegated to the National Government because it is the government of a sovereign state within the world community.
The government uses inherent powers simply because it is the national government.
Powers not specifically granted to the federal government or denied to the states belong to the states and the people.
States use reserved powers to regulate health, public safety, morals, and general welfare of their citizens.
powers that are shared by both the federal and state governments
The power to collect taxes is a concurrent power.
A system of government in which both the states and the national government remain supreme within their own spheres, each responsible for some policies.
Dual federalism lasted from 1789 to the 1930s.
A system of government in which powers and policy assignments are shared between states and the national government. They may also share costs, administration, and even blame for programs that work poorly.
Cooperative Federalism shows equality of blame in state and national government.
the period in which the national government channeled federal funds to local governments and citizen groups to address problems that states could or would not address
Lyndon B Johnson created creative federalism.
Modern era in federalism in which authority that rested with the national government is being returned to the states
New Federalism began in the 1980s.
a system of spending, taxing, and providing grants in the federal system
Fiscal Federalism took shape in 1900s.
Grants in Aid
federal funds given to state and local governments for specific projects
The power of the national government expanded with increased use of grants-in-aid.
federal grants that can only be used for a specific purpose, or category, of state and local spending. Usually require that the state contribute money in addition to the national money
Most federal aid is distributed to the states in the form of categorical grants.
federal grants given to state and local governments for broad purposes, such as welfare, community development, public health, or education.
States usually prefer block grants because they are designed to allow state officials to spend the money as they see fit.
regulations that the national government imposes on state and local governments.
The U.S. government may impose federal mandates or demands on states to carry out certain policies in a condition of receiving grant money.
actions imposed by the federal or state government on lower levels of government which are not accompanied by the money needed to fund the action required.
Unfunded Mandates affect local governments.
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