7th Grade Review

STUDY
PLAY
glossary
a list of the hard or unusual words found in a book
index
an alphabetized list at the end of a book giving the page or pages on which specific items are mentioned.
table of contents
lists the topics in a document along with their page numbers
bibliography
the written list of all the books used in a report or book
caption
short description of a picture
diagram
a picture drawn to explain an idea
biography
story of a person's life written by another person
autobiography
story of a person's life written by that person
fairy tale
a story made up of characters and creatures, such as witches, goblins and fairies, and usually begins with the phrase "Once upon a time...."
fable
short story that uses animals and teaches a lesson (moral)
onomatopoeia
words that imitate sounds
personification
giving human qualities to animals or objects
metaphor
comparing to unlike things without using like or as
simile
comparing two unlike things using like or as
dialogue
the words spoken by characters in a book, movie, or play
exposition
the first part of plot. Provides the reader with setting, character, tone and mood.
rising action
the series of conflicts or struggles that build a story toward a climax.
climax
the point of highest interest in a literary work; the turning point.
falling action
events after the climax, leading to the resolution
resolution
the final unraveling or solution of the plot; where loose ends are tied up.
setting
the time and place of a story
mood
a story's atmosphere or the feeling it evokes
tone
the attitude a writer takes toward the reader, a subject, or a character (anger, sarcastic, humorous etc.)
conflict
a struggle between opposing forces
theme
the central idea of a literary work; often an insight about human life.
1st person point-of-view
when the main character tells the story
3rd person point-of-view
the narrator is outside the characters and talks about the characters.
dynamic character
one whose character changes in the course of the play or story
static character
a character that does not change from the beginning of the story to the end
protagonist
The main character, who must overcome obstacles and resolve the conflict
antagonist
a character, or force, in conflict with the main character
analogy
comparison made between two things to show how they are alike
figurative language
language using figures of speech; language that cannot be taken literally or only literally.
idiom
an expression with a meaning different from the literal meaning of the individual words.
alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
myth
a traditional story; in some cultures, a legend that explains people's beliefs
prefix
a syllable or word that comes before a root word to change its meaning
suffix
follows a word root to change its meaning or part of speech
root word
the basic word you start with before adding prefixes or suffixes
synonym
a word that means the same as another word
antonym
a word that means the opposite of another word