Trinity, Incarnation, Gospel of Mark (Vocabulary) - Spring 2016

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Terms in this set (...)

Abba
A way of addressing God the Father used by Jesus to call attention to his—and our—intimate relationship with his Heavenly Father. Abba means "my Father" or "our Father" in Aramaic.
Advocate (in Greek, paraclete)
Legal term, one who stands with/for you in court. Someone who is on our side, to help us, strengthen us, and empower us for holiness. This is a description of the Holy Spirit.
Amen
Translation of the Hebrew word that means "so be it."
beatitude
The state of eternal happiness with God in Heaven
begotten
Fathered
catholic
Greek word means universal
Christ
"The Anointed one."
Christology
Literally the study of Christ; the systematic statement of Christian beliefs about Jesus Christ, including his identity, mission, and saving work on earth.
Church Fathers
Teachers and writers in the early Church, many of whom were bishops, whose teachings are a witness to the Apostolic Tradition
covenant
A promise, contract, commitment, or testament. A personal, solemn promise of faithful love that involves mutual commitments and creates a sacred relationship
creed
A short summary statement or profession of faith
divine economy
Also known as the economy of salvation, this refers to God's eternal plan and his actions for the salvation of humanity
doctrine
An official, authoritative teaching of the Church based on the Revelation of God
Ecumenical Council
A worldwide gathering of Catholic bishops convened by the Pope to discuss and resolve issues and problems the Church is facing
encyclical
A letter written by the Pope and sent to the whole Church and, at times, beyond the Church to the whole world; commonly focused on Church teaching regarding a particular issue or currently important matter
eternity
This word refers to anything that will last for an indefinitely long period
filial
Having to do with the relationship of a child to his or her parents
incarnate
To become flesh; specifically, God the Son assuming human nature. The Incarnation means that Jesus, the Son of God and Second Person of the Trinity, is both fully God and fully man.
Jesus
"God saves."
Messiah
Hebrew word for "anointed one." The equivalent Greek term is christos. Jesus is the Christ and the Messiah because he is the Anointed One.
monotheism
The belief in and worship of only one God.
Nicene Creed
The formal statement or profession of faith commonly recited during the Eucharist.
Pentecost
In the Scriptures the event in which the early followers of Jesus received the Holy Spirit. Today the Church celebrates this event on Pentecost Sunday, which occurs seven weeks after Easter Sunday. Jewish holiday celebrating when Moses receives Ten Commandments.
salvation history
The pattern of specific salvific events in human history that reveal God's presence and saving actions.
sanctify
To make holy.
solemnities
Important holy days in the Catholic liturgical calendar, such as Christmas, Easter, Pentecost, and All Saints' Day.
Trinity
The truth that God, although one, is three Divine Persons: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.
unbegotten
God has always existed, without beginning or end.
Heresy
The conscious and deliberate rejection of a dogma of the Church. One has to claim to be a christian in order to be a heretic
Docetism:
Belief that Jesus' physical body was an illusion, as was his crucifixion; that is, Jesus only seemed to have a physical body and to physically die, but in reality he was incorporeal, a pure spirit, and hence could not physically die.
Adoptionism:
Belief that Jesus was born as a mere (non-divine) man, was supremely virtuous and that he was adopted later as "Son of God" by the descent of the Spirit on him. Those who held this heresy usually believed it occurred at the baptism of Jesus.
Arianism:
Denial of the true divinity of Jesus Christ taking various specific forms, but all agreed that Jesus Christ was created by the Father, that he had a beginning in time, and that the title "Son of God" was a courtesy one.
Gnosticism:
The belief that God, who is purely good, could not have created the world, because there is evil. Christ descended to earth to share secret knowledge of escape and enlightenment. All matter was evil, including the human body Christ came to give the secret of enlightenment and escape.